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India’s participation in the Olympic Games has been an integral part of the nation’s sporting history. With a rich and diverse sporting culture, India has been a consistent participant in the Olympics since its inception. The country’s journey at the Olympics has witnessed remarkable achievements, inspiring stories, and moments of glory. Over the years, Indian athletes have competed in various sports disciplines, showcasing their skills and determination on the global stage. India has won several medals in the Olympic Games, with the most success coming in field hockey. The Indian men’s hockey team dominated the sport for several decades, winning multiple gold medals and becoming a symbol of national pride.
A Brief History of the Olympic Games
The Olympic Games are a sporting event that was first held in ancient Greece and was revived in the latter part of the 19th century. Before the 1970s the Games were authoritatively restricted to contenders with novice status. However, during the 1980s numerous events were opened to proficient competitors and athletes. The Games are currently open to everyone, including the best professional basketball and football (soccer) athletes.
The ancient Olympic Games featured competitions in a number of the sports that are now included in the Summer Games, which has featured competitions in as many as 32 sports at times. The Winter Games were approved for winter sports in 1924. The Olympic Games are now considered the most important sporting event in the world. India has won 35 Olympic medals, including 10 gold, 9 silver, and 16 bronze.
The Tokyo Olympics 2021
On July 23, 2021, the Tokyo National Stadium hosted the opening ceremony for the Tokyo Olympics 2020, which had been postponed due to concerns related to the pandemic and was rescheduled thereafter. At this event, 15 world leaders were present to attend the event. The only city in Asia to have hosted the Summer Olympics twice is Tokyo.
Despite the delay of a year, the Tokyo Olympics 2021 kept its original name. More than 11,000 members addressing 206 countries contended in 339 contests across 33 games. An addition of 33 basketball, Madison cycling, freestyle BMX, karate, surfing, sports climbing, and skateboarding was made among the new Olympic sports that made their debut during Tokyo Olympics 2021. Additionally, baseball and softball have been reinstated in the Olympics since 2008.
India at Tokyo Olympics 2021
Although India made its official debut at the Paris Summer Olympics in 1900, since then it has participated in every Summer Olympics since 1920. The nation sent its largest-ever contingent of 126 athletes to the Olympics in 2020.
Achievements of Athletes During the Olympics 2021
Indian Olympians won seven medals one gold, two silver, and four bronze at the 2020 Summer Olympics, making it the most successful Games for India since its first regular Olympics in 1920. The Indian contingent competed in a record-breaking 69 events and won medals in 18 different sports.
Neeraj Chopra from India won the very first gold medal in the athletics of the country and the second-ever individual gold and first individual gold since the Beijing 2008 Olympics, won by Abhinav Bindra in Shooting. After Norman Pritchard’s silver medals in 1900, this was India’s third medal overall and its first in athletics since its 1948 debut at the Olympics.
Saikhom Mirabai Chanu bagged India’s first-ever silver medal in women’s weightlifting (49 kg), turning into the first Indian Olympic medallist in the sport that began around 2000. P V Sindhu became the first Indian female athlete to win a bronze medal in women’s badminton and the second Indian to win two individual Olympic medals in a row (after winning a silver medal in 2016).
The bronze medal was bagged by the men’s national field hockey team and it was the first Olympic medal since 1980. With a time of 3:00.25, the men’s 4x400m relay team set a new Asian record. The women’s national field hockey team achieved its best performance since its Olympics debut in 1980, and Aditi Ashok in women’s golf and Deepak Punia in men’s freestyle wrestling (86 kg) were placed fourth in the final rankings.
Indian Olympic Medal Winners at Tokyo Olympics 2021
|Women’s 49kg weightlifting
|Women’s singles badminton
|Women’s welterweight boxing
|Ravi Kumar Dahiya
|Men’s 57kg Wrestling
|Indian Hockey Team
|Men’s 65kg wrestling
|Men’s Javelin throw
Training Techniques of Athletes for Olympics
In a nutshell, sports training implies preparing for a performance. It improves the athlete’s skill levels, boosts their confidence, and helps them gradually build strength and endurance. As basic as this might sound, planning an accurate preparing technique that satisfies all the actual objectives is essential for the athletes training, especially when it’s for the Olympic. The training program followed fundamentally by the athletes affects their ideal results. Consequently, training needs to be relevant to the goals and the sport you plan to pursue. No hard and fast rule is used for achieving a particular outcome as all bodies, mindsets, and training programs differ from person to person.
When it comes to sports training for events like Olympic, adhering to the general consensus may not work out very well for you and may result in limited results. So, look into all of your options and choose the one that will get you the best results and get you where you want to go. The different types of training techniques followed by athletes for events like Olympic are listed below:
Continuous Training refers to training that doesn’t require breaks for rest. It is also known as continuous training or steady-state training. It involves doing physical activity for longer periods of time. This method aims to improve your respiratory and cardiovascular systems by maintaining a heart rate between 60% and 80% throughout the session. It becomes easier for your body to cope with routine activities without running out of breath as you increase your cardiovascular endurance.
If you want to lose weight and participate in marathons, swimming, triathlons, then start practicing high-intensity training. Swimming, running, biking, walking, or a combination of the three, for about 20 to 30 minutes, are typical activities included in a training session.
Fartlek, which means “Speed Play” in Swedish, is a training method that combines continuous and interval training. It includes the adjustment of speed to pay emphasis on both aerobic and anaerobic frameworks along with developing and raising the recovery rate. It forces the athlete’s body to adapt to varying speeds, allowing them to run faster over longer distances.
Fartlek training has a number of advantages, including enhanced endurance and speed, increased athlete versatility, and a greater variety of race strategies for runners. Marathon runners, team games involving variations in speed, and cross-country runners can all benefit from this strategy.
In order to increase strength and muscular endurance, this method of body conditioning incorporates exercises, resistance training, endurance training, and a high-intensity aerobic workout in a circuit. It is essential to work with a diverse group of muscles and the number of repetitions while planning a course. Despite the fact that you can focus your training session on one specific segment of the body, this strategy is great for complete body conditioning.
High-intensity and circuit training gives more effective outcomes and improves your digestion and metabolism, as it consolidates the smartest workout routines imaginable. It also lets you try out new exercises, breaking the monotony of repetitive workout routines.
Interval training switches back and forth between high-intensity workouts and energy exercises with small periods of rest and recovery to improve the recovery rate, speed, and lactate limit of the player’s body. Anaerobic exercises are used during the high-intensity exercises in this method, and the recovery period can include low-intensity activities or complete rest.
The advantages of following this routine are that it incorporates quicker and more effective exercise sessions that permit the body to work more in restricted time and decreases the risk of overtraining due to the varying intensity.
Flexibility training, also known as mobility training is a set of planned exercises that can gradually help a joint or set of joints move more freely. Practising stretching techniques that target specific body parts is one way to improve flexibility. It is extremely beneficial for all kinds of sports, particularly gymnastics and dance, and is frequently pursued as a warm-up session prior to high-intensity workouts and weight training.
Using weighted bars, dumbbells, or weight stacks, is a part of weight training, which is one of the most common forms of strength training. It increases power and muscle strength in the skeletal system. Weight training can not only help prevent bone loss but also strengthens the bone. Subsequently, it is fundamental for the general improvement of the body.
Plyometrics also known as jump training, focuses on quick muscle extension and contraction through exercises that require the body to exert apex force over short periods of time. Plyo pushups, box jumps, bounding, and depth jumps are some of the primary exercises in this method. It aims to increase muscular power, which translates into faster sprints and higher jumps. Martial artists, sprinters, volleyball players, and high jumpers all benefit greatly from these.
Speed, Agility, and Quickness Training
Reprogramming the athlete’s neuromuscular system is the main goal of SAQ training. This helps in making multi-directional movements even better. This approach is typically used by professional athletes. However, as its popularity has grown, more amateurs are adopting it and incorporating it into their workouts. Fundamental components of the SAQ procedure include sprints, high knees, mini hurdles, agility ring hops, and death jumps.
Paris Olympics 2024
The event is set to take place from July 26 to August 11, 2024. Paris was chosen as the host city for the 2024 Summer Olympics during the International Olympic Committee (IOC) session in 2017.
The Paris Olympics aim to bring together athletes from around the world to compete in various sports disciplines, showcasing their skills and promoting the spirit of sportsmanship. The event will feature a wide range of sporting events, including athletics, swimming, gymnastics, basketball, football, and many more.
The Paris Olympics also emphasize sustainability and environmental consciousness. The organizers have committed to implementing eco-friendly initiatives and utilizing existing venues to reduce the environmental impact of the games.
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