HomeSportsBadmintonMastering the 4 Fundamental Types of Badminton Serves
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Mastering the 4 Fundamental Types of Badminton Serves

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Watching the fruition game of badminton is always a treat for the eyes. The stroke play of players in a rally makes the game even more exciting and interesting. It is the serve that sets the patch of a rally in badminton. Being the most important shot in the game of Badminton, it arguably also serves as an opportunity to get the upper hand over your opponent. 

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When serve is performed in the right manner, slight chances are there to get you a point. On the other side, if serve is done with imperfection, it can help your opponent jump over your points.

Here we have the 4 fundamental types of badminton serves (high serve, low serve, drive serve, and flick serve). We have all the knowledge about serves that you need to elevate your serve game in badminton.

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4 Fundamental Types of Badminton Serves

Sr. No Fundamental types of Badminton Serves
1 High Serve
2 Low Serve
3 Drive Serve
4 Flick Serve

High Serve

High Serve: Badminton Bites
High Serve: Badminton Bites

A high serve, also known as a long serve, goes high in the air and deep into the receiver’s backcourt. It aims the furthest corner away from the server. The arc of a high serve needs to resemble that of a deep lift shot, where the shuttle reaches its highest point towards the back of the receiver’s court before dropping near the back service boundary.

In order to perform an effective high serve that forms the exact distance and height, it requires significant energy transfer, which is most efficiently achieved with a full extension of the arm while hitting. The body rotation and the transfer of the server’s weight from the back foot to the front foot generate power that is pumping into the serve.

It is mostly used in singles matches, mainly by women players. The right execution of the high serve to the furthest corner from the server puts the opposition to their back court near the edge. The target destination demands that the receiver exert a high degree of power to create an effective return to the other end.


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Low Serve

Low Serve : Badminton Bites
Low Serve: Badminton Bites

This is the second type of badminton serve on our list. The low serve is also sometimes called a short serve because it just jumps over the net to land near the short service line. It restricts attacking opportunities and leaves the opposition with fewer shots if the low serve is executed correctly. 

Low serve starts dropping in a lowering flight way after crossing the net and continues to land across the short service line and insist the opponent player lift the shuttle in case he waits for a long time before replying to serve.

It is mostly used in doubles games, as the area for service is smaller in comparison with singles games, which makes it tough to uplift the benefits of a long serve. If you execute a perfect short serve, it helps you minimize the type of shot and leads to the wrong shot selection for the opponent player. It is very handy against tall players

Drive Serve

Drive Serve : Badminton Bites
Drive Serve : Badminton Bites

The drive serve is a fast and attacking serve with a lower trajectory, also known as a flat serve, sometimes. It travels to the mid-to-far end of the service receiving area. Drives serve’s setup is very similar to short serve, and power in the serve depends on the power in the wrist of the player. The drive’s flight pattern resembles your typical drive, where being fast and flat is the aim.

It is very risky to use, but when performed accurately, it can be very profitable as well. The drive serve can be used in doubles and singles games; it is more effective in doubles play given the positioning of the receivers, with the shorter service boundary at the far end of the court. It is also similar to the flick serve; the drive serve can be dangerous, the reason being the element of surprise that comes with the serve. 

Players should use drive serve to add a change to the badminton contest and to break the rhythm of the game. This serve is more effective against players who have slower reaction speeds, such as tall opponents. The speed of a fast and flat serve can put their racket handling skills to the test, which more often than not will catch the unsuspecting player by surprise, resulting in a weak service return from the opponent.


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Flick Serve

Flick Serve: Badminton Bites
Flick Serve: Badminton Bites

The flick serve is also a very fast and attacking type of serve that aims to get a point with itself. Being a fast and offensive serve, it travels in an upward direction to the far service line. The flick serve gets the same height as the long serve, but it is very similar in flight to the punch. The flick serve always sails over the reach of the receiver. 

Its setup looks very similar to that of low serve and target to deceive the opponent with the speed and power of the serve, which is injected by the player through his strong wrists. The flick serve is often used in doubles games, given that the receiver tends to stand near the short service line in expectation of the default short serve.

A flick serve groups needed variety into your serving game and deters over-aggressive receivers. In singles games, a flick serve can uplift the element of surprise, as it is not very commonly used. A strong wrist in front of a far-forward receiver can make for the right opportunity to throw in a flick serve.

Tips for effective service

  • Keep your serving action relaxed and loose.
  • Practice the serve regularly for better execution and consistency in matches.
  • Always look to make contact with the shuttlecock right in the sweet spot of your racket for more power in serve.
  • You should vary your direction and speed of the serve in a match.
  • Follow through with the serve to maintain batter control and balance.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a serve in badminton? 

The serve in badminton marks the initiation of each rally. It involves a player, holding the shuttlecock, striking it from their side of the net to the opposing side. It is important to note that the serve must be executed in an upward direction, prohibiting the use of a serve resembling that of tennis.

What are the types of serves in badminton? 

Badminton encompasses four primary serve variations: the forehand serve, backhand short serve, backhand flick serve, and backhand drive serve. These serves serve distinct purposes and are applicable in different scenarios. For instance, the forehand serve is frequently employed in singles matches. It can be executed as either a long or short serve. On the other hand, the backhand flick serve is a cunning technique. It catches opponents off guard by swiftly altering the speed and trajectory of the shuttlecock.

What are the rules for serving in badminton? 

In badminton, there are fundamental regulations governing the serve. These include the requirement of maintaining contact between both feet and the ground while hitting the shuttle. It is essential to ensure that your feet do not touch any of the court lines. The cork, rather than the feather, must be struck during the serve. Additionally, the entire shuttle must be hit below a height of 1.15m. Furthermore, the serve must be executed in a continuous forward motion.

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