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The Impact of Coaching and Training programs on Athlete’s Development in India | Case Study of Successful Sports Academies

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Sports Training and Coaching 

In a nutshell, sports training is preparing for a performance. It improves the athlete’s skill levels, boosts their confidence, and helps them gradually build strength and endurance. Finding the “perfect” training strategy that achieves all of your physical goals is a dream come true, despite how straightforward this may sound. Your desired results are significantly influenced by your workout routine; Consequently, training needs to be relevant to your goal and the sport you plan to pursue. In this blog, we will look at the impact of Coaching and Training programs in sports on Athlete’s Development in India. 

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Perhaps, there is no one-size-fits-all strategy for achieving a particular outcome; this is because there are many different body types, different levels of metabolism, and different ages. The best approach is to test every option to determine which training and coaching procedure has the most trustworthy outcomes; experiment and gain knowledge along the way. Some common training models that help in an athlete’s development are as follows: 

Continuous Training

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Training that doesn’t take breaks or breaks for rest is known as continuous training or steady-state training. It involves doing physical activity for longer periods of time. This method aims to improve your respiratory and cardiovascular systems by maintaining a heart rate between 60% and 80% throughout the session. It becomes easier for your body to cope with routine activities without running out of breath as you increase your cardiovascular endurance.

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If you want to lose weight and participate in marathons, swimming, triathlons, and bike rides, you should keep moving. It’s also a great way to get started with exercising before starting a high-intensity workout. Swimming, running, biking, walking, or a combination of the three, for about 20 to 30 minutes, are typical activities.

Fartlek Training

Training with Fartlek, the Swedish term “Fartlek,” translates to “Speed Play,” and refers to a type of training that combines elements of both continuous and interval training. It involves altering the speed or terrain to put more emphasis on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems and speed up recovery. It forces the athlete’s body to acclimate to varying speeds, allowing them to run faster over longer distances.

Fartlek training has a number of advantages, including enhanced endurance and speed, increased athlete versatility, and a greater variety of race strategies for runners. Marathon runners, team games involving variations in speed, and cross-country runners can all benefit from this strategy.

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Circuit Training

In order to increase strength and muscular endurance, this form of body conditioning uses exercises, resistance training, endurance training, and a high-intensity aerobic workout in a circuit. It is essential to work with a diverse group of muscles and the number of repetitions that follow when planning a course. This method is ideal for conditioning the entire body, even though you can focus on just one part of the body at a time.

Because it combines the best of both worlds, circuit training produces results that are more effective and boosts your metabolism. It also lets you try out new exercises, breaking the monotony of repetitive workout routines.

Interval Training

In order to increase the player’s recovery rate, speed, and lactate threshold, interval training alternates short bursts of high-intensity workouts with periods of rest and recovery. Anaerobic exercises are used during the high-intensity periods in this method, and the recovery period can include low-intensity activities or complete rest.

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The ability to work out at a faster and more efficient pace allows your body to do more work in a shorter amount of time and lowers the risk of overtraining. The freedom to try new exercises are all advantages of this routine.

Mobility Training

Training for flexibility and mobility is also known as flexibility training. Flexibility training is a set of planned exercises that can gradually help a joint or set of joints move more freely. Practicing stretching techniques that target specific body parts is one way to improve flexibility. It is extremely beneficial for all kinds of sports, particularly gymnastics, and dance, and is frequently pursued as a warm-up session prior to high-intensity workouts and weight training.

Weight Training

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Using weighted bars, dumbbells, or weight stacks, weight training is a primary form of strength training that builds muscle size and power. This training can not only help prevent bone loss but also encourage the body to make new bones, according to a study. As a result, it is necessary for the body’s overall development.

Plyometric Training

Plyometric Training Plyometric training, also known as jump training, focuses on rapid muscle extension and contraction through exercises that require the body to exert apex force over short periods of time. Plyo pushups, box jumps, bounding, and depth jumps are some of the primary exercises in this method. It aims to increase muscular power, which translates into faster sprints and higher jumps. Martial artists, sprinters, volleyball players, and high jumpers all benefit greatly from these.


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Speed, Agility, and Quickness Training (SAQ)

The goal of speed, agility, and quickness (SAQ) training is to re-program the neuromuscular system of the athlete; this makes multi-directional movements even better. This approach is typically used by professional athletes, but as its popularity has grown, more amateurs are adopting it and incorporating it into their workouts. Sprints, high knees, mini hurdles, agility ring hops, and depth jumps are all important parts of the SAQ technique.

Impact of coaching and training on sports development

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Coaching has a significant impact on a person’s performance in any sport. On a global scale, it has been determined that athletes’ satisfaction in achieving glory in their respective sports is significantly influenced by coaches. It very well may be in the Olympics, Asian Games, and so forth. Athletes practice their skills under the expert guidance of their coaches during the time between the Olympics and their competition. The coaches’ leadership, as well as their tenacity, grit, and dedication to the athletes, have a significant impact on their athletes’ performance. It is essential to keep in mind that the athlete’s progress over time is ensured by coaching at various levels. Although the athletes are dissatisfied with some of the coaches, others are extremely good.

Because of their passion for the sports in question, some athletes go on to become great coaches. To be an excellent coach, none of the best medal winners qualifies. Both scientific research into sports leadership and practical application are required. It is of the utmost importance for a nation to ensure that the best coaches available, who are also excellent leaders, demonstrate their resolve and bring glory to the nation. There are medals and awards for coaches, and the final result is essentially a yardstick. It is necessary to investigate and make use of the numerous opportunities presented to the athlete as well as the influence that the coach’s leadership has. 

The goals of coaching and training 

Acquiring more physical fitness

A person’s performance in sports typically depends on their physical fitness. Because each sport requires a different level of physical fitness, one important goal of sports training is to improve various aspects of physical and skill-related fitness, such as strength, speed, coordination, endurance, and flexibility.

Developing athletic abilities

This includes both fundamental movement skills and motor skills. Sport-specific skills can only be learned with the help of fundamental motor skills. To complete a given task, athletes in every sport must adhere to a particular movement pattern.

The technique is the movement procedure, and skill development occurs when this technique is learned and perfected. When athletes participate in technical training, they focus on learning motor skills specific to their sport. Sports-specific skills like basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, cricket, and badminton all require fundamental motor skills like hopping, jumping, skipping, kicking, throwing, catching, and striking.


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Enhanced tactical effectiveness

Based on an examination of adversary tactics, tactical training aims to enhance various strategies. Sports-specific training enables athletes to make the most of their skills and methods to increase their chances of success in competition.

The training teaches three different strategies: high-performance, defensive, and offensive strategies. By providing athletes with rules knowledge and repeated opportunities to hone their tactical skills, tactical efficiency is improved.

Polising mental abilities

Higher levels of performance in any sport necessitate the development of mental skills. The training aims to cultivate a positive attitude toward sports and competition, dedication to a specific sport or event, sincerity, self-confidence, and the highest possible level of ambition.

Negligence of athletes and consequences

Athletes’ life goals are affected when they lack the necessary skills and abilities. The athlete’s skill sets are their tools for achieving their goals. To achieve their objective, they require the right skills. They not only frustrate themselves but also waste and spend a lot of time dealing with basic issues brought on by a lack of knowledge or skills rather than moving toward their goal. They struggle more than is necessary without the appropriate skills, and this struggle is very unconstructive and does not help them move forward, even though difficulty and struggles are a necessary component of any goal pursuit.

As a result of their lack of awareness and naivety regarding their career after retiring from active sports, athletes frequently neglect the development of soft skills. The athlete’s support staff, coaches, and other members of the sports ecosystem often leave them speechless when they see what the athlete has accomplished once they have started competing. They make erroneous assumptions about what it takes to succeed when they look at their awards and accomplishments. Then, when they attempt to achieve the goal, they are disappointed to discover that it is not as simple as it appears. Athletes become trapped in a cycle of helplessness and hopelessness after failing on a few occasions, discarding the hidden skills and achievements they had previously achieved.

Importance of sports academies in India 

Sports is more than just a game; it’s a culture that needs to be respected, practiced, and, most importantly, loved and passionate about. Athletes’ overall game is influenced greatly by sports academies. They go into great detail about a sportsperson’s habits, upbringing, and tendencies, which ultimately help to improve the sportsperson’s physical and mental well-being by finding a healthy balance and bringing out the best in them. 

In the early 1900s, a variety of games began to take the form of sports, but the culture was not very well-known. There was never a significant sports academy established or not in existence. In the defense barracks of India and the majority of British-ruled nations, sports culture was gaining popularity. This was supposed to be the first step taken by the Services Sports Control Board. The organization began as the Army Sports Control Board (India) in 1919 and later merged with the participation of all three defense wings.


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They have produced hundreds of international players throughout their 100-year history, which saw the Indian tricolor soar to new heights. The most well-known of them all were Hon. Capt. Shankar Lakshman, Brigadier Raj Manchanda, Boxers Gurcharan Singh, Dingko Singh, and Varghese Johnson, well-known 50-meter rifle shooter Sanjeev Rajput, pistol WC Jitu Rai, Olympic Silver medalist Vijay Kumar, and a slew of other names are among the notable participants.

Top 10 Sports academies in India

We’ll now talk about sportspeople and their academies who went above and beyond to make sports popular and ingrained in the culture. 

Chhatrasal Stadium (Wrestling)

Built in 1980, the stadium bears the name Maharaja Chhatrasal. Dronacharya Satpal Singh and Virender Singh coached several young wrestlers in the stadium’s wrestling akhara beginning in 1988. Sushil Kumar, Yogeswar Dutt, and Amit Dahiya were all Akhara prodigies. The academy is the oldest in its field, has won multiple Olympic medals, and is still shaping young grapplers for international eminence.

Yogeswar Dutt Academy

The Bhagwan Parshuram College of Engineering in Gohana opened its doors in 2004, but in 2016, the college’s engineering facility was decommissioned. Yogeswar Dutt, an Olympic medalist, approached the College Trust, and the Trust approved the Olympian’s plan to turn the 27-acre engineering campus into a wrestling academy. After that, the academy was refurbished and continued to run with Dutt’s investments until JSW Sports offered to sponsor students. Although the academy does not currently have a roster of international wrestlers, we can imagine that, at the Olympics in 2028, the academy’s talent would represent India on a 12 x 12-foot mat.

Gopichand Academy for badminton

When Pullela Gopichand won the prestigious All-England Open in 2001, beating World Number-I Peter Gade and Chen Hong, India thought it had a champion badminton player who could make us proud in big matches. However, Gopichand’s injuries forced him to retire early from playing. He was busy cultivating his dreams after leaving the court, even mortgaging his ancestral home to build Gopichand Badminton Academy. 

In 2008, academy player Saina Nehwal became the first Indian woman to reach the Olympic badminton quarterfinals. This brought the academy into the public eye. The academy’s dream run continued when the majority of its promising stars, including P Kashyap, P V Sindhu, Sai Praneeth, H S Pranoy, RMV Gurusai Dutt, Kidambi Srikanth, Sameer Verma, and Satwiksairaj Rankireddy, participated in the BWF circuit the following year. 

Dronacharya Gopichand set up a perfect platform at his academy in Gachibowli in 2006 so that the next generation could get a real mix of training in a single location. He had the opportunity to train as a national coach at that time. All of the Indian players ranked in the top 30 in the most recent BWF WR are graduates of the academy. India currently holds two Olympic medals, dozens of BWF Super Series titles, a World title, and hundreds of young talent, including Asmita Chaliha and Akarshi Kashyap, who helped to establish Gopichand Badminton Academy as a unique entity in its field.


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Gun for Glory Shooting Academy

The shooting academy was founded in 2011 at the Shiv Chhatrapati Stadium in Balewadi, Pune, by former rifle shooters Pawan Singh and Gagan Narang. The academy’s aspirations were boosted and its popularity increased in 2012 when Narang won a bronze medal at the Olympics; Narang, the academy’s mastermind, was a well-balanced player who became a popular coach. The academy has 13 branches across India. Trainers like former pistol champion Samresh Jung, Ronak Pandit, and Mind trainer Vaibhav Agashe are shaping the students in a way that will flourish as a backbone of the Indian team. 

Joydeep Karmakar Shooting Academy

When Olympic rifle shooter Joydeep Karmakar finished fourth in the 50-meter rifle Prone event at the 2012 Olympics, he realized that he wanted to start a school for young athletes. In 2015, he opened the academy in New Town, Kolkata. Together with Bibaswan Ganguly, an international player, and the academy’s chief coach, Joydeep helped the academy grow from a regional to an international shooting facility. 

Mehuli Ghosh (unofficial WR holder of 10m Air-rifle, Youth Olympics, World Cup, Commonwealth Games medallist), Abhinav Shaw (Wonder Child, youngest National Gold Medallist & youngest entrant in senior national camp trial), and Ankur Das (national champion Para-shooter, rifle) are among the players produced by the academy’s three West Bengal facilities. The academy has set a standard and promised the backward-shooting state of the country to give children from middle-class families a great opportunity to pursue a different dream.

Mary Kom Regional Boxing Foundation

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Can you imagine a player from a remote state who has won six World Championships, played at the international level for two decades, won the WC after having her third child, and still has enough energy and excellence to qualify for the Olympics in 2021 and run an academy to dominate the sport with the next generation? She is therefore referred to as the “Magnificent Mary.”

In 2006, the academy was set up to create a Center of Sporting Excellence that would be the starting point for boxing champions and India’s Olympic glory. Although the academy’s young talent hasn’t yet competed in international competitions, it gives the mountainous northeastern state great hope that it will produce great talent in the future.


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Little Cuba & Bhiwani Boxing Club

Haryana’s Bhiwani district is known as “Little Cuba” because it produced four of the five athletes who competed for India at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, where Vijender Kumar won the bronze medal. Kavita Chahal and Vikas Krishan are two other well-known WC medalists who have come from this district in recent times. 

Although the district has a rich history of boxing culture and the state continues to dominate the national youth games, we can imagine that the next generation of “Little Cuba” will arise and fight again to beat the players from Cuba. The Biwani Boxing Club (BBC) lost its glory in the past few years because they were unable to showcase any promising talents.

Usha School of Athletics

Golden Girl P T Usha‘s idea for the “Usha School of Athletics,” which started in 2002, gives girls in Kerala a lot of opportunities to succeed on the quarter-mile track against all odds. The former Olympian oversees a residential training facility for girls at the school. The school has moved to Kinaloor, a small town near Kozhikode, where it is currently exposing 18 young trainees. The school excels with athletes like Tintu Luka and Jishna Mathew, and it is growing quickly with a new group of athletes who aim to win the first athletics medal at the Olympics.

Inspire Institute of sports

It is a company owned by JSW Sports Pvt. Ltd., the institute is a multi-sport facility in Vijayanagar, Karnataka. It offers a cutting-edge sports facility with a wide range of cutting-edge sports science infrastructure. Judo, Boxing, Wrestling, Athletics, and Swimming are the five Olympic disciplines that can be practiced at the institute. Anju Devi (50 kg women’s boxing), Manisha Maun (57 kg women’s boxing), Tababi Devi (first Indian Olympic medalist in judo, who won a silver medal in the 2018 Youth Olympics), Pincky Balhara (52 kg women’s judo), and Neelam Sirohi (50 kg women’s wrestling) are examples of the corporate institute’s efforts to cultivate upcoming talent. Within corporate initiatives, the institute has already benchmarked sports other than cricket.

Olympic Gold Quest (OGC)

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When legendary Cue sports player Geet Sethi approached with the concept of providing total support for the Indian Olympics, the idea for the Olympic Gold Quest was first discussed in the village of the Sydney Olympics. The organization was eventually established by Sethi and Prakash Padukone, with assistance from Vishy Anand and a number of others. Viren Rasquinha, an Olympian, is currently in charge of the organization as CEO and Director. 

By providing complete support, world-class training, fitness facilities, and coaching support as well as sports science training to 7 senior and 67 junior athletes, the organization has shaped Indian Olympics sports. It has won 5 Olympic medals, 6 Youth Olympics medals, 31 Asian Games medals, 15 Senior WC medals, and 17 Junior WC medals. As a result of this effort, OGQ has already established a novel concept for a sports academy that not only houses a facility for coaching or training under one roof but also provides emerging players with all necessary assistance, instructs them in contemporary sports concepts, provides scholarship and financial support, and, most importantly, monitors and analyzes their performance to determine the best outcome


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Ayushi Bhatti
Ayushi Bhatti
I am Ayushi Bhatti, a graduate of B.A. English Honours from St. Stephens College, University of Delhi. Currently, I am pursuing M.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication from Sharda University. Over the years, I have attained proficiency in the English language through my consistent hard work and efficient writing skills. I have formerly written content for several prestigious platforms and some of them are NDTV Lifestyle Swirlster, LernEzy, Yhills, Kreedon, Zee Media. I have also been doing freelance writing besides writing articles, blogs, advertisements for campaigns, and website content. I possess the capability to write insightful and lucid content to bewitch my readers.

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