Sports Injuries: Psychological Effects & Key Tips to Prevent Them

4 min read
psychologytoday.com

Sports is an integral part of one’s life. It helps to build up confidence, enhances concentration and alertness, reduces tension levels, increases the ability to cope with stress, improves cognitive function, increases critical thinking and judgement skills and also gives an individual a sense of satisfaction.

Although, injuries are often an unavoidable part of sports. When you take up sports, how much of a big athlete you may be or how much ever you try to avoid it, you are prone to injuries. Some injuries can be managed with little to no disturbance in sports and other activities of daily living but some have a substantial physical and mental burden.

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Also Read: All You Need to Know About Sports Psychology

Psychological effects of Sports injuries:

When an athlete gets injured, more than physical, it’s psychological. An athlete can have several emotional responses like sadness, isolation, irritation, lack of motivation, anger, frustration, changes in appetite, sleep disturbance and disengagement. Here are some of the psychological effects of Sports Injuries.

1.Isolation: Athletes often feel isolated and lonely when they are injured.  This is especially true if they had been part of a team prior to the injury and now they may now feel disconnected. Along with isolation, the athlete may feel unwanted envy towards the healthy and current players.

2. Anxiety: Athletes may experience heightened levels of anxiety due to their capacity for healing and recovery. Some studies even indicate symptoms of post-traumatic stress after an injury. Fear can actually hinder their recovery and lead to re-injury, such as overdoing rehabilitation and recovery training, thereby putting undue stress on the injured parts in ways that are harmful instead of helpful.

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3. Depression: If due to an injury an athlete’s entire career is at stake then naturally it would depress the athlete. Should one’s depressive symptoms become severe, professional help via therapy and/or medication should be part of the athlete’s overall recovery plan

4. Low self-esteem: An injury can plunge into the self-esteem of an athlete. The more serious and committed an athlete is, the more one’s sport is wrapped up in one’s identity, and the more likely self-esteem will be diminished when that identity is challenged because of the injury.

5.Fear of Re-injury: Injured athletes often think that they are more vulnerable to an injury. As they work towards re-entry into their sport or another activity, they may fear getting injured again. This may affect their full recovery and the possibility of getting completely immersed into the sport in the future.

In such cases talking with a psychologist is more important and also helpful as there are emotional ramifications too.

How really can athletes keep sports injuries at bay?

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Coping with a Sports injury requires both physical and psychological strength of a person. here are some sports psychology strategies you can use for faster injury recovery.

1 .Learn about your injury: You must know the cause, prevention and treatment of your injury. By understanding the injury and knowing what to expect during the rehabilitation process, you will feel less anxiety and a greater sense of control.

2.Accept the responsibility of your injury: You must accept the full responsibility of your injury and recovery process. You will find a greater sense of control and will quickly progress in recovery, rather than pushing yourself to perform at your pre-injury level.

3.Maintain a positive attitude: To recover quickly you need to be committed to overcoming your injury by showing up for your treatments, and listening and doing what your doctor recommends. You need to work hard and maintain a positive attitude. Remain focused on what you need to do, not what you are missing out on.

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4.Use the mind to heal the body: Specific mental skills and techniques such as imagery and self-hypnosis are shown to speed up the healing process. Imagery techniques use all of the senses to create mental images, feelings, and sensations related to the desired outcome as though it is happening now or has already happened.

5.Get support: Its important to get support from your teammates, friends, and coach. They can offer advice or encouragement during the rehab process or else a person may easily go into isolation while an injury. So, go to practice and remain around your team.

6. Set appropriate goals: Remember just because you are injured doesn’t mean you stop planning or setting goals. Your goals should be to focus on recovery rather than performance. By monitoring your goals you will also be able to notice small improvements in the rehab of your injury. You will feel more confident that you are getting better and improving.

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7. Maintain your fitness while injured: Whilst an injury, make sure you maintain your fitness. Get proper guidance from your fitness trainer on what training you need to undertake, but never ever stop your workout.

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Gaurav Kadam is a young sportswriter and journalist who is a huge cricket enthusiast. He is a bibliophile and a movie and American TV series buff, who is completely addicted to Netflix. Gaurav is liberal in thoughts and agnostic in deeds.

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