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Sports Biomechanics | Its Methods, Usages, Functions & Career- All You Need To Know

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What is Biomechanics?

Has it ever occurred to you, that what biomechanics is? It is no technical term the way it seems at first glance rather it can be defined as the study of human movement, including the interaction between participants and equipment, which is known as biomechanics. These studies are primarily divided into two broad categories: kinematics (the study of body movements) and kinetics (the study of forces of the body). In this blog, we will provide you various information on sports biomechanics.

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Techniques like mathematical modelling, computer simulations, and measurements are used in biomechanics to improve sports performance and reduce injury. It can be used for a wide range of sports and exercise endeavors that are as follows: 

  1. Improve sport-specific techniques by determining the best movement patterns.
  2. Assess muscular recruitment and loading to determine the most secure approach to a given activity or movement.
  3. Contribute to forming healthy movement patterns that can be sustained over time (maximizing performance and minimizing the risk of injury).
  4. Examine sporting and fitness equipment, such as racquets, surfaces, shoes, etc. 

In order to lessen the likelihood of injury and boost performance, biomechanics in sports incorporates an in-depth analysis of the movements performed in the sport. Sport and exercise biomechanics encompasses the area of science that is concerned with the analysis of the mechanics of human movement. 

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Methods of Biomechanical Testing 

Sports Biomechanics | KreedOn
Image Source: University of Pretoria

During a competition or training, biomechanical testing can take place in the field or the lab. In biomechanics, there are many different testing methods that vary depending on the sport and the athlete’s skill. Typical biomechanical testing techniques include:

  1. Analyses in 3D: It is suitable for a variety of sports, particularly those that require extremely precise and in-depth information and involve intricate body movements. In most cases, high-speed 3D motion analysis systems are used in a laboratory for 3D analysis.
  2. Force Plate Investigation: It is usually used with 3D motion analysis systems for activities like walking, running, and landing. useful for figuring out forces of impact, braking, and propulsion; the kinetics of the joints; and the transfer of weight during dynamic activities.
  3. Analysis of video at high speed: Photron and other high-speed cameras can operate at up to 1000 Hz. Excellent for qualitative analysis of impacts and movements at high speeds.
  4. EMG: It is utilized to track muscle activity. frequently combined with force plate testing and 3D motion analysis. Usually only used for more in-depth analysis.
  5. Analyses of the Competition: When relevant performance variables are determined, such as in athletics, competition analysis includes split times, speed/length of stride; rowing/kayaking: splits, stroke rate and length.
  6. Lasers, gyroscopes, and accelerometers: They are used to determine an athlete’s technical motion characteristics.

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Uses of biomechanics in sports 

Sports Biomechanics | KreedOn
Image Source: ResearchGate

Biomechanics is used for a lot of things, like making sports equipment that works well and makes people perform better, analyzing people’s movements to make changes and get better results, treating injuries, and making training plans. Experts are better able to prevent and treat injuries, ease pain, and boost performance when they understand how and why the body moves in the way it does.

  1. Sports equipment: Biomechanics can be used to design sports equipment, clothing, and shoes, as well as sports fields and facilities. For instance, a racquet or shoe can be made to provide the best grip or the best performance for a middle-distance runner
  2. Individuals Biomechanics: They can be applied to individuals, analyzing their movements and coaching them for more effective movement during exercise and sports movement. For example, how the surface stiffness of artificial turf affects athlete performance is one example of this. A person’s golf swing or running gait, for instance, can be filmed and suggestions made for improvement made.
  3. Injuries Biomechanics: It can be used to learn about the causes, treatments, and ways to avoid injuries in sports. The forces that can cause an ankle sprain and how shoe design or the playing surface might reduce the risk of injury can be examined by the research.
  4. Training Biomechanics: It has the ability to improve training methods and systems for sports and training. This could include fundamental research into how swimming propulsion is affected by hand position. Based on the mechanical demands of the sport, it can suggest and evaluate new training methods that aim to improve performance. For instance, in cycling, electromyography and kinematics measurements of muscle activation enable researchers to observe the effects of posture, components, and exercise intensity on muscle activation. 

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The function of biomechanics in physical education & sports

Image Source: CBSE Academics

The role of biomechanics can be for instance defined in simple terms as it helps to Improve various error detections, enhances skills, and develops and strengthens qualitative and quantitative analysis. This is usually done with the use of the right tools and equipment by utilizing the various innovative techniques of Biomechanical Principles in practice and sports. In light of the fact that biomechanics plays a major role in the student’s overall sports performance, develop new equipment. It also aids in the proper development and design of equipment structures, the design of sports shoes and clothing, sports tools like single-plate photography, automatic tracking systems, accelerometers, pressure meters, ground structures, surface structures, and laboratory activities, among other things.

The principles of biomechanics are also applied to the use of sports equipment in physical education and sports, based on the type and location of the sport. Students’ performance in a variety of sports can be improved by incorporating new methods of applying biomechanical principles into physical education. The performance of a player in terms of speed, time, and accuracy in sports can be enhanced using a variety of scientific quantitative analysis models like force-motion, force-time, inertia, motion, coordination, continuum, segmental interaction, and balance. Students who have received such training and receive proper guidance in biomechanical techniques achieve better results than those who do not. 

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Analysis of results in biomechanics

The innovative principles of biomechanics can be used to reduce the risk of injuries to players by providing proper care for their causes, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. In the qualitative type of analysis, methods for avoiding injuries and recovering from them are also provided. By adhering to biomechanical principles, the structure of various muscle groups and tissues can be improved in good condition. Lifting weights, kicking a football with one leg, throwing and catching a ball, etc. help maintain muscle elasticity. These also help to build the biceps and triceps, which in turn build joints that strengthen physical endurance. 

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It also improves the internal organ system through a variety of structured approaches and biomechanics techniques in sports. This helps to maintain the internal organ system’s proper functioning. That is because, according to the qualitative analysis, a variety of useful movements are related to the health of several internal organ systems. If the physical activity is done in the right way, all of the joints will work properly. 

A career in sports biomechanics

sports biomechanics | KreedOn
Image Source: Topend Sports

In the field of biomechanics, qualifications require knowledge of both mechanics and anatomy. You could approach it through engineering studies with additional biology coursework. You could also have a background in anatomy or human movement with additional physics and engineering coursework. In either case, a university master’s degree is required for employment as a biomechanical engineer. As a lecturer or researchers, biomechanists typically work in clinical and research settings, athletic institutes, and universities. 

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What do sports biomechanics do?

Techniques like mathematical modelling, computer simulations, and measurements are used in biomechanics to improve sports performance and reduce injury. It can be used for a wide range of sports and exercises.

What are examples of biomechanics in sport?

Biomechanics can be used to design sports equipment, clothing, and shoes, as well as sports fields and facilities. It has the ability to improve training methods and can reduce the risk of injuries.

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Ayushi Bhatti
Ayushi Bhatti
I am Ayushi Bhatti, a graduate of B.A. English Honours from St. Stephens College, University of Delhi. Currently, I am pursuing M.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication from Sharda University. Over the years, I have attained proficiency in the English language through my consistent hard work and efficient writing skills. I have formerly written content for several prestigious platforms and some of them are NDTV Lifestyle Swirlster, LernEzy, Yhills, Kreedon, Zee Media. I have also been doing freelance writing besides writing articles, blogs, advertisements for campaigns, and website content. I possess the capability to write insightful and lucid content to bewitch my readers.


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