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Rise of Women in Indian Track and Field: Empowering Through Sports

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Recently, Indian track and field have seen a remarkable transformation, with women athletes emerging as strong contenders, shattering stereotypes and breaking records. Their journey from being underrepresented in sports to becoming trailblazers is a testament to their dedication and the changing landscape of sports in India.

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The significance of women’s participation in sports cannot be overstated. It not only showcases their physical prowess but also symbolizes a broader message of gender equality, empowerment, and resilience. Through their achievements, female athletes inspire the younger generation, instilling the belief that they can reach great heights in any field they choose. This blog delves into the inspiring stories, evolution, and the promising future of women in Indian track and field.

Historical Perspective

In the past, India, like many other countries, adhered to traditional gender roles and norms that confined women to certain roles in society. Sports, often considered a male-dominated domain, posed numerous challenges for women. They faced limited opportunities, minimal support, and cultural expectations that discouraged them from pursuing athletic careers.

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The societal norms and biases created significant hurdles for women who aspired to excel in track and field. However, as we delve deeper into their journey, we’ll discover how these remarkable athletes defied the odds, overcame adversity, and paved the way for future generations. Their achievements not only broke records but also broke barriers, and their stories continue to inspire and uplift women across the nation.

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The historical perspective of women in Indian track and field is a journey marked by remarkable individuals who defied societal norms and left an enduring legacy.

Athletes like Nilima Ghose, the “Flying Queen,” who set national records in sprinting, and Deepika Kumari, who rose from humble beginnings to become a world-class archer, exemplify the determination and resilience that have characterized Indian sportswomen. Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, and PV Sindhu have broken barriers and reached the pinnacle of their respective sports, proving that women can excel in traditionally male-dominated fields. Mary Kom, a boxing legend, Jhulan Goswami, the top wicket-taker in women’s cricket, and Dipa Karmakar, the pioneering gymnast, have not only set records but have inspired a generation of women to pursue sports with passion and dedication. Their stories are a testament to the evolving landscape of women in sports in India, where they continue to break stereotypes, inspire, and set new benchmarks.

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Evolution of Women in Indian Track and Field

Rise of Women in Indian Track and Field: Empowering Through Sports - KreedOn
Image Source- The Economic Times

India achieved its best-ever performance at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics, with a significant increase in participation across various sporting disciplines. Notably, the country secured Olympic medals in six different sports, including hockey, wrestling, boxing, badminton, weightlifting, and track and field, which marks a historic achievement. Of the seven medals won by India, three were earned by women, showcasing their remarkable prowess.

Historically, women’s participation in sports was limited by cultural norms and stereotypes. However, the turn of the 20th century marked a significant shift, with women beginning to participate in track and field events. Early pioneers like PT Usha, who became the first Indian woman to reach the Olympics finals in 1984, shattered glass ceilings. This historic moment inspired more women to take up the sport. Indian women have also made significant contributions in athletics and track and field events at the Asian Games.

India at Asian Games: Medals by each sport
Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total medals
Athletics 85 102 96 283
Shooting 16 30 34 80
Wrestling 11 15 39 65
Kabaddi 11 1 1 13
Tennis 10 7 17 34
Boxing 9 17 36 62
Archery 6 6 7 19
Field hockey 5 11 7 23
Cue Sports 5 4 6 15
Equestrian 4 3 7 14
Squash 3 4 11 18
Golf 3 4 0 7
Board games 3 3 4 10
Rowing 2 7 19 28
Diving 2 1 2 5
Football 2 0 1 3
Cricket 2 0 0 2
Sailing 1 8 14 23
Badminton 1 2 10 13
Swimming 1 2 6 9
Water polo 1 1 1 3
Weightlifting 0 5 9 14
Wushu 0 2 8 10
Cycling 0 1 2 3
Volleyball 0 1 2 3
Kurash 0 1 1 2
Judo 0 0 5 5
Roller sports 0 0 4 4
Table tennis 0 0 3 3
Canoeing 0 0 2 2
Sepaktakraw 0 0 2 2
Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
Taekwondo 0 0 1 1

The establishment of institutions like the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and various state-level sports academies played a pivotal role in nurturing talent and providing better training facilities. The growing emphasis on grassroots development programs, scholarships, and sponsorships further opened doors for female athletes.

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Achievements and Records

Rise of Women in Indian Track and Field: Empowering Through Sports - KreedOn
Image Source- TOI

Indian female athletes have not only participated but excelled on the international stage, setting records and winning accolades. Their achievements are a testament to their dedication and relentless pursuit of excellence.

For instance, Hima Das, the “Dhing Express,” became the first Indian woman to win a gold medal at the IAAF World U20 Championships in 2018, setting a new national record. Similarly, PT Usha’s remarkable performance in the 1986 Asian Games, where she won four gold medals, remains an iconic achievement in Indian sports history.

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Seema Punia, the Indian discus thrower, boasts a remarkable career that includes participation in four Olympic Games, earning the title of Asian Games champion and silver medallist, and clinching four medals at the Commonwealth Games. In the realm of relay events, Jisna Mathew previously represented India in the women’s relay squad in Rio. Furthermore, Annu Rani made history by becoming the first Indian javelin thrower to clinch a gold medal at the 2023 Asian Games held in Hangzhou. Priyanka Goswami earned a silver medal in the 10,000m race walk at the 2022 Commonwealth Games, becoming the first Indian woman to secure a medal in race walking at the Commonwealth Games in the field of athletics.

The commitment and resilience displayed by women athletes in clinching podium finishes establish a strong foundation for the increased participation and excellence of Indian women in sports. This success has been driven by initiatives such as tailored training programs geared towards achieving podium positions, dedicated funding schemes for women athletes, the use of data analytics, and institutional support. These initiatives have played a pivotal role in promoting sporting excellence among women worldwide.


In conclusion, this remarkable journey of women in Indian track and field is a testament to their determination, resilience, and the changing landscape of sports in India. As we look to the future, there is a positive outlook for women in Indian track and field. Their achievements have set a precedent, and with continued support, training, and opportunities, we can anticipate even greater success on the global stage.

Indian women athletes are poised to shine brighter than ever, inspiring and empowering generations to come, and breaking through barriers that lie ahead. The future is undoubtedly bright for women in Indian track and field, and they are on an upward trajectory towards unparalleled excellence.

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