India National Cricket Team

BCCI representation

Established Year1926
AssociationBoard of Control for Cricket in India
CoachRavi Shastri
CaptainVirat Kohli

OVERVIEW

RECORDS & STATS

RecordsODITESTT20
ICC Rankings214
Total No of Matches978534118
Total No of Wins50915173
Total No of Loss41916541
Total No of Draws92171
Highest Total418 (vs West Indies, 2011)759/7(vs England, 2016)260/5 (vs Sri Lanka, 2017)
Lowest Total54 (vs Sri Lanka, 2000)42 (vs England, 1974)74 (vs Australia, 2008)
Largest Victory257 runs (vs Bermuda, 2007)Innings & 272 runs (vs West Indies, 2018)143 runs (vs Ireland, 2018)
Smallest Victory1 run (vs New Zealand, 1990)13 runs (vs Australia, 2004)1 run (vs South Africa, 2012)

1930s- The Journey Begins

It was in 1932 that the Indians first started playing officially, as a nation. The team’s first tour came againsts hosts England. Playing under the title of “All India” and led by CK Nayudu, the team performed reasonably well. Although it lost the first Test match, Team India went on to play 37 matches, 26 of which were first-class fixtures. It won 9 of these, drew another 9 apart from losing 8. Skipper Naidu was the pick of the Indian players in the tour, scoring 1,618 runs at an impressive average of 40.45.

1940s- ‘Mankading’

The Indian Cricket team again toured England in 1946, the hosts first such series after the devastating World War-II. Although England won the series 1-0, India competed in 29 first-class fixtures, winning 11 of them and losing only 4.The 1940 decade also marked the team’s first series as an independent nation. It was in 1948 against Australia at Brisbane.The series also saw a new term being coined after the name of an Indian cricketer- “Mankading”.It all began when India’s opener and slow left arm orthodox bowler Mankad ran out Bill Brown at the non-striker’s end. That was when he was about to bowl the delivery but paused in his way when he caught Brown out of crease and uprooted the stumps to send the batsman back to the pavillion.Although the local media was infuriated (it was considered to be unsporting in nature), it was well within the law books. As a result, this practice began to be known as ‘Mankading’.

1950s- First Test Series Win

India had to wait for two decades to register its first ever Test win against a nation. The historic moment came in 1952 in Madras (now Chennai), when the Men in Blue defeated England by an innings and 8 runs. Although the series ended in a draw, that massive victory was elementary in improving Indian cricket team’s confidence playing International matches.Four years later, Team India’s first series win came against New Zealand in 1956. On their tour of India, the Kiwis lost two of the 5-Test series to help the Men in blue with a 2-0 series win.

1960s- First Overseas Victory

The decade started with a bang for Indian cricket when they registered their first-ever series win over England in 1961-62. Having drawn the first three matches, hosts India won the remainder of the two Tests by 187 and 128 runs respectively to bag the series.Then in 1967-68 on their tour to New Zealand, India went on to defeat the Kiwis by 3-1. The victory marked their first-ever series win outside of the subcontinent.

1970s- Dominance and the ODI Debut

It was in the year 1971 that India announced its arrival on the world cricket map by trouncing two of the most powerful cricketing nations – England and West Indies in the 1971 test series.Indian men set foot on the English soil with a dismal record of 15 losses and zero wins in the 19 Tests they played there.India made its One Day International debut in 1974 in the Prudential Cup against England. Sadly so, the hosts won the series by 2-0. India’s first ODI win came against East Africa in the Prudential World Cup in 1975.With the onset of the 1979 World Series Cup, each team was required to have a primary as well as the secondary colour of their uniforms at the ready. The Indians selected the light blue for their primary colour while yellow became the secondary colour.

1980s – The 1983 Prudential World Cup Victory

The biggest moment in Indian cricket’s history came in 1983 when India defeated the defending champions West Indies in the finals to lift the 1983 Prudential World Cup. Legends like Kapil Dev, Mohinder Amarnath, and Madan Lal were born in this tournament.India also won the Rothman’s Asia Cup in 1984 before going on to clinch the World Championship in 1985. The latter competition was almost like a second World Cup, with all the seven Test playing nations featuring. Moreover, the win also proved India’s triumph in 1984 was not a flash in the pan.The Men in Blue then won the Sharjah Cup in 1988 besides winning ODI series against Australia (3-2 in 1986), Sri lanka (4-1 in 1986-87), England (1-2 in 1986), New Zealand (4-0 in 1988), and West Indies (5-0 in 1989).

1990s- The Tendulkar Era

1990s witnessed the emergence of two Indian cricketers that took the cricketing world by storm – Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble. Having made their debuts in 1989 and 1990, these were the two stars, along with others like Mohammed Azharuddin, Navjot Singh Sidhu, and Sourav Ganguly, that ushered Indian cricket into a new era of dominance.India won the Texaco Trophy (1990), Asia Cup (1991), CAB Jubilee Tournament (1993-94), Singer World Series (1994), Wills World Series (1994-95), and the Titan Cup (1996-97) among other major accomplishments in this decade.As far as the Indian cricket team jersey is concerned, the team has worn multiple shades of blue. For the 1992 World Cup (called as the Benson & Hedges World Cup at that time), the team went ahead with navy-blue by ISC. For the 1996 World Cup, the jersey had a light shade of blue along with yellow as the secondary colour.The colour lightened up further in the following World Cup in 1999, with a dominant yellow and manufactured by ASICS.

2000s- The Highs and the Lows

The 2000 era saw some dramatic highs and lows in the Indian cricket history. One of them was the dramatic Test victory against Australia in 2001 at the famous Eden Garden Stadium.The visitors, on the back of a 16 consecutive Test match victories, forced India to follow-on after the latter collapsed for only 171 in the first innings. Two heros- Laxman and Dravid- stood to the crease and amassed as many as 376-run between them. India then managed to bowl Australia out for only 212 runs to become only the third nation to win from a follow-on.The country also won the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy.The Natwest ODI Series win in England can be counted as another unforgettable moment for the Indians in the 2000s. Facing a stiff target of 325, the Indian team was struggling at 146-5 at one point of time.However, an inspiring innings by Mohammad Kaif (87*) and Yuvraj Singh (69) famously saw Sourav Ganguly lift his shirt and India, the trophy at the Lord’s stadium.Indian Cricket team finished 2003 ICC World Cup as the runner-ups, losing in the final against Australia. Entering the 2007 edition of the tournament, the Men in Blue returned from the West Indies (the host nation) without even making it to the knockouts. This early exit was met with a furious outburst from fans back home.As a compensation of sorts, the Indian cricket team returned from South Africa as the first-ever World T20 Champions. It was the first of a series of triumphs to come under India’s new captain, MS Dhoni.

2010s- Another World Cup

India won the ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011. This was the first time that a country had won a World Cup trophy at home. Moreover, India was also the third team to win more than two World Cup trophies after West Indies and Australia.This was followed by the 2013 Champions Trophy win in trying conditions of England. The year also marked the retirement of the batting legend, Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar. The veteran batsman bid adieu to his illustrious career amid much fanfare and a flurry of cricketing records.2010s also witnessed India’s overseas record improve. This included memorable ODI series away wins against England (3-1, 2014-15), West Indies (3-1, 2017), Sri Lanka (5-0, 2017), South Africa (5-1, 2017-18), Australia ( 2-1, 2018-19), and New Zealand (3-1*, 2019).

BCCI

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body of Cricket in India. It was set up on December 4, 1928 by a group of players at Roshanara Club in Delhi with an aim to end the British monopoly in cricket. Back then, the board had 6 regional bodies as its first members. However, today it is a sprawling institution with 30 full-time members, and a worth of ₹ 3,308 crores.BCCI is one of those few sports bodies in the world to not follow a set structure. Moreover, it does not follow laws of corporate governance as well.In fact, up until 2006, the board functioned from the residence of the board’s president. Today, the BCCI is housed in the splendid stone-and-glass mansion at the Wankhede Stadium. It was only in 2016 that it appointed its first CEO, Rahul Johri.With humble beginnings, fortunes changed for the board in late 1991 when it signed a major broadcasting contract. As Indian Cricket became popular over the years, the stock of BCCI skyrocketed. Last year itself, it signed a bumper broadcasting deal with Star Sports that is touted to be worth ₹ 6,138 crores.Apart from that, it also pocketed a cool ₹ 1079 crores in a sponsorship deal with OPPO Digital. However, BCCI’s biggest deal so far has been in relation to IPL, when Star Sports paid an eye grabbing amount of ₹ 16, 347 crores (or approximately $ 2.55 billion).Such massive deals make it possible for the board to pay hefty salaries to its players (like Kohli who is paid almost ₹ 8 crores per annum excluding the bonuses and prize money) and coaches. As a result of independent from the government for the generation of funds, BCCI works independently. Moreover, it is also exempt from making their balance sheets public.Today, BCCI is worth over ₹ 3,000 crore, making it the richest cricket board in the world.

Did You Know?

BCCI’s logo is inspired from the colonial emblem of ‘the Order of the Star of India’ 

 

 

ICC World ODI

YearRoundGamesWonTied/No resultLost
1975 | EnglandGroup Stage3102
1979 | EnglandGroup Stage3003
1983 | EnglandChampions8602
1987 | India, PakistanSemifinals7502
1992 | Australia, New ZealandRound-Robin Stage8215
1996 | Indian Sub ContinentSemifinals7403
1999 | England, Scotland, Ireland, HollandSuper Six8404
2003 | South Africa, Zimbabwe, KenyaRunner-Ups11902
2007 | West IndiesGroup Stage3102
2011 | India, Sri Lanka, BangladeshChampions9711
2015 | Australia, New ZealandSemifinals8701

World T20

YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
2007 | West IndiesChampions1/1274111
2009 | EnglandSuper 8s7/1252300
2010 | West IndiesSuper 8s8/1252300
2012 | Sri LankaSuper 8s5/1254100
2014 | BangladeshRunners-up2/1665100
2016 | IndiaSemi-finals3/1653200

ICC Champions Trophy

YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
1998 | BangladeshSemi-finals3/921100
2000 | KenyaRunners-up2/1143100
2002 | Sri LankaJoint Champion1/1232001
2004 | EnglandGroup Stage7/1221100
2006 | IndiaGroup Stage5/1031200
2009 | South AfricaGroup Stage5/831101
2013 | EnglandChampion1/855000
2017 | EnglandRunners-up2/853200

Kapil Dev

Considered as one of India’s best all-rounders, Kapil Dev was also one of the most gifted captains. Debuting in the 1982–83 season against Sri Lanka as India’s captain, after Gavaskar was rested, Dev’s first big assignment as a regular captain came on the India tour of West Indies. The Windies were one of the most dreaded teams in the world, with greats like Clive Lloyd and Viv Richards among their ranks. However, under the stewardship of the Hurricane of Haryana, the Men in Blue scripted a historic win and their biggest accomplishment at that time – a One Day International victory.Scoring 72, Dev and Gavaskar (90) led India to a competitive score of 282/5 in 47 overs while the skipper also picked up 2 wickets to help the visitors restrict West Indies for just 255 and thus earn a famous win.The victory could be considered as a massive confidence booster for the Indians. Later that year, India would go on to win the 1983 Prudential World Cup in England under his captaincy. He also guided India to a series win in England (1986).Dev had the unique distinction of having an impact on the game from all the fronts – as a batsman, bowler, and a captain. That not only made him one of the best all-rounders, but also one of the most feared players in the world. To this day, his record from the all-round position of scoring 5,000+ runs along with the 400+ wickets (434) remains unbroken.It is not surprising that Wisden named him as the Indian Cricketer of the Century in 2002.

Sourav Ganguly

Sourav Ganguly took helm of India’s captaincy in 2000 and went on to become one of India’s greatest captains in the country’s modern history. Although he may not have big trophies to his name, Ganguly certainly has numbers to support this claim.Dada, as he is popularly known, has the best figures when it comes to Test Cricket. His win/loss ratio of 1.61 is higher than that of other prominent captains like MS Dhoni (1.51), Rahul Dravid (1.33), Mohammad Azharuddin (1), and S Gavaskar (1.12).He was also the most successful Indian captain when it came to overseas test series. In 28 matches, Ganguly had guided the Men in Blue to victory on 11 occasions. However, that changed in December last year, when Virat Kohli equalled that record with a Test win in Australia.

Mohammad Azharuddin

Mohammad Azharuddin was the skipper for most of the 1990s and proved to be a gifted player when it came to captaincy. Although he was not known for his motivational skills, Azharuddin was known for his exceptional ability to stay cool under intense pressure.The Hyderabadi cricketer took the reigns as the captain of the Indian Cricket team in 1989 after Krishnamachari Srikkanth bowed out. Known for his artistic batting, Azharuddin took the Blue team to 90 ODI victories, a record that laid untouched until 2014, when MS Dhoni broke it.Moreover, he also boasted the record of the most Test wins (14) during his captaincy before Ganguly succeeded the same with 21 victories.Unfortunately, the end of his career was clouded in allegations of match fixing.

MS Dhoni

The coronation of MS Dhoni as Indian Cricket team’s captain in the inaugural T20 World Cup in 2007 was one of the most defining moments in the nation’s cricketing history.After all, the Men in Blue were reeling from the disastrous 2007 World Cup campaign and facing intense pressure back home. Nonetheless, the national selectors went ahead with handing the reins of the team to an inexperienced, 26-year-old batsman from Ranchi. What followed were the best years in the Indian cricket history.In his first stint as the captain itself, Dhoni went on to guide India to victory in the T20 World Cup. The triumph was emotional as well, since it had come against India’s fiercest rivals, Pakistan.The encouraging result saw the selectors assigning him first the ODI duties against the 6-match ODI series against Australia in 2007 and then the Test cricket cap in 2008 as well.Under MSD, India went on to scale new heights including the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup at home, the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, No. 1 position in the Test rankings, and the Asia Cup.His ability to stay dead calm in the most hostile situations earned him the diminutive of ‘Captain Cool’. Speaking after the team’s 2011 triumph, Sachin Tendulkar pointed out Dhoni’s incredibly calm way of handling pressure was rubbing off on other players. He further went on to claim that MSD was indeed the best captain he had played under.Statistically speaking, Dhoni has the second best record in the world when it comes to winning matches (110). He also has the record of winning the most number of T20 internationals in the world.Dhoni’s win-to-loss ratio of 1.49 is also the best in India. The record is even more impressive considering he has captained for most number of matches in the world (331).

Virat Kohli

In the 40 years that they have hosted international teams, Australia lost a test series at home only to England, West Indies, and South Africa. However, the history was rewritten in late 2018 when a young Indian brigade triumphed on their tour down south. The Test series victory was followed by success in the ODI series as well. As a result of this, the Men in Blue became the first Asian team ever to achieve the feat.At the thick of it was one bearded man who had led his team to massive heights during his reign as the captain. The man in question is Virat Kohli.Considered one of the best batsman in the world, Kohli was always meant for glory. He had led the U19 team to a World Cup triumph in 2008. Soon thereafter, he went on to make an international debut for the senior team.After a successful stint in the 2011 tour of Australia, Kohli was rewarded for his performances with a vice-captaincy position at the 2012 Asia Cup.The writing was on wall, and it was inducted as Indian cricket team’s test captain in 2014 following the former’s retirement.There was no looking back after that. India went on to win memorable test series against England (2017), South Africa (2018), Sri Lanka (2018), and Australia (2018). Howbeit, Virat Kohli may be consider the 2015 World Cup semi-final exit along with the 2017 Champions trophy final heartbreak as his captaincy term’s only blemishes.Under him, team India has managed to go on to be ranked as No.1 ranked team in the Test and ODI rankings.

Indian Cricket Team Coaches

Greg Chappell

Greg Chappell overtook as head coach of the Indian Cricket Team in 2005 after his outgoing counterpart John Wright chose not to renew his contract.His was a two year, ₹ 1 crore (per year) contract until the 2007 ICC World Cup.Greg Chappell’s stint as the Indian coach is better remembered for frequent controversies than on-field success. The first of it started in the year of his appointment itself, on India’s tour of Zimbabwe. The spat was began when the Australian asked the incumbent captain Ganguly, who was suffering from a slump at that time, to step down from his captaincy and focus on batting.This led to a bitter row between the two, that went as far as Ganguly leaving the tour in the middle followed by the infamous email leak from Chappell to BCCI, accusing Ganguly of ‘deceit’. Although the issue was virtually resolved after a meeting between BCCI and the two men in question, it only got worse in the time to follow.Quite ironically, it was Sourav Ganguly who had batted for the appointment of Greg Chappell as the head coach in 2005. While Tom Moody, Greg’s competitor for the top spot, had the support of Dravid and a few others, Ganguly was completely in favour of Chappell.Statistically speaking, the Men in Blue won only five of the 15 ODI series they played under his coaching. His record was better in the cricket’s longest format, with Team India winning 5 of the 8 Test Series they played between 2005 and 2007. This included wins over Pakistan, West Indies, and England.The curtains fell on Chappell’s career in the disastrous 2007 ICC World Cup when the Indian Cricket team exited the tournament from the group stage itself.

Gary Kirsten

After Greg Chappell’s stint as the head coach of Indian Cricket team, which is considered by many as a dark era in the team’s history, came to an end after the 2007 World Cup, BCCI decided to make a dramatic overhaul in the squad. This included the big move of handing the captaincy duties to MS Dhoni apart from firing some of the senior-most players.The coaching badge was handed over to the former South African opener and relatively unknown coach called Gary Kirsten.Kirsten’s first full series in charge of the Indian team came in March 2008 against his home country South Africa itself. The highly anticipated series was drawn 1–1.His first major success came when he guided India to the finals of first the Kitply Cup and then the 2008 Asia Cup. Unfortunately though, India lost in both the finals.Kirsten’s tenure as the coach of India oversaw some of the most memorable series victories, including the clean sweep against England (5-0, 2008), New Zealand (3-1, 2008), Compaq Cup (2009), South Africa (2-1, 2010), and the 2010 Asia Cup.However, it was the Tests where the biggest difference was witnessed. After his takeover in 2008, the Men in Blue went on an unbeaten run of 11 test series. Those included series sweeps against Australia (2-0, 2008), England (1-0, 2008), New Zealand (1-0, 2008-09), Sri Lanka (2-0, 2009-10), and West Indies (1-0, 2010-11) apart from recording 3 other draws.Moreover, Indian Cricket team achieved the World No.1 spot in the ICC Test rankings for the first time ever under Gary Kirsten and MS Dhoni.The biggest achievement of him, though, is the glowing ICC World Cup trophy that the Men in Blue lifted in 2011 by defeating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets.Gary Kirsten’s stint at the top was characterized by young talents receiving chance to prove their worth. In addition to that, he also saw to it that the current team was one of the fittest unit ever when it came to fielding.Gary chose not to extend his contract with BCCI due to family commitments and went on to coach South Africa after the Indian job.

Anil Kumble

Legendary Indian spinner, Anil Kumble took over the as the Head Coach of the Indian Cricket team in 2016, after the English gaffer Duncan Fletcher was relieved of his duties. His tenure started on a promising note as India won 9 consecutive Test series. Kumble’s passed his first test as a coach with flying colours with a win against the West Indies in July which ended with India winning the four-match Test series by 2–0.After it, the Men in Blue went on to beat New Zealand 3–0 in the Test series before registering a 4–0 clean sweep against England in the five-match Test series in November–December. Soon, there was a feeling that the selectors had hit the bull’s eye by appointing the right man for the top job with further results only rebutressing this claim.India’s fourth Test series victory was against Bangladesh, and one that also marked the team’s 19-match unbeaten run in Tests. Then came the mighty series against Australia. The Kangaroos won the first match to break this unbeaten streak. However, team India made a stunning comeback in the remainder matches to scalp the series by 2-1.However, coming towards the end of his first year as the Indian Cricket Team coach, the relation between incumbent captain Virat Kohli and Anil Kumble started to strain. Consequently, the former spinner stepped down from his position after the bitter defeat at the hands of Pakistan in the 2017 Champions Trophy, less than one year after his appointment.

Ravi Shastri

Ravi Shastri was appointed as the head coach of the Indian Cricket team in 2017 after the abrupt resignation of Anil Kumble. The decision was taken by the three-member ‘Cricket Advisory Committee’ consisting of Sachin Tendulkar, VVS Laxman, and Sourav Ganguly. He had to beat the likes of Tom Moody, Virender Sehwag, Richard Pybus, and Lalchand Rajput in the race for the coveted job. It is estimated that his contract is worth up to ₹ 8 crore per year.Team India’s first major task under Ravi Shastri came in the ODI series away against West Indies. The visitors had little problems in passing that test, as the Men in Blue were victorious by 3-1.He then led India to important ODI series triumphs over Sri Lanka (5-0), Australia (4-1, 2017), New Zealand (2-1, 2017), Sri Lanka (2-1, 2017), South Africa (5-1, 2017-18) among others. The wins against Australia was especially noteworthy.India had a difficult tour of England in 2018 and one which included loss in both the ODI and Test series. But then Shastri, in absence of captain Virat Kohli, guided India to a successful title defence of Asia Cup.Arguably the biggest achievement of his career came recently, when the Men in Blue won both the Test Series as well as the ODI series against Australia, in Australia. That made them the first team from India to achieve the feat.With the 2019 ICC World Cup within touching distance, hopes will be high from Indian Cricket team and Ravi Shastri.

BYJU's is the Indian team's title sponsor. The Educational technology firm tookover the rights from OPPO, who was supposed to be the title sponsor between 2017 and 2022, on 5th September 2019.

Indian Cricket Team Jersey 

Although the jerseys kept on changing over the next few years, the prominent of them all was the dark blue one with a splash of tricolor.Apart from that in 2007, when it had a sky blue colour, the Indian national team has stuck with the dark blue along with some or the other hint of the tricolour.After acquiring the manufacturing rights for the team in 2005, Nike has been regularly designing and providing the new jerseys for the Men in Blue. The current jersey by Nike has a bolder ultramarine blue shade with the tricolour accent placed near the chest.