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Shot Put – History, Specifications, Techniques, Rules, World Record | All You Need to Know

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In the realm of athletics, Shot put stands as one of the many games and sports. During one’s school or college years, most individuals have had an encounter with Shot put, be it during sports practice or in diverse sporting occasions. For those unfamiliar with this sport, fret not; we’re here to provide a comprehensive overview of Shot Put.

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What is Shot Put?

Shot Put – History, Specifications, Techniques, Rules, World Record | All You Need To Know | KreedOn
Image Source- India Tv

Well, A shot put is a track and field event in which a bulky spherical ball or shot is “put” as far as possible. For distance, a spherical weight is thrown or put from the shoulder. It is rooted in the ancient sport of putting stone. The motive is to put the shot as far away from a seven-foot-diameter (2.135m) circle with a curved 10-centimeter-high toe board at the front as possible.

Shot Put History

shot put history - KreedOn
Image Source: Wikipedia

The Ancient Greeks tossed stones as a game and fighters are recorded as tossing cannonballs in the Middle Ages, however, a rendition of the modern form of discipline can be followed to the Highland Games in Scotland during the nineteenth century where contenders tossed an adjusted solid shape, stone or metal load from behind a line.

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The men’s shot put has been part of every modern Olympics since 1896, however ladies shot putters needed to wait until 1948 preceding they could contend at the Games.

Shot Put Weight & Specifications 

Shot Put – History, Specifications, Techniques, Rules, World Record | All You Need To Know | KreedOn
Image Source- India Mart

A shot put ball comes in different variations, 7.26kg/16lb for men and 4kg/8.8lb for women. The weight of the put will vary depending on the player’s gender and age, ranging from 3km to 7.26kg.


sports in Olympics KreedOnAlso Read | Sports in Olympics | Know About All Olympic Sports

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Shot Put Technique 

Shot Put – History, Specifications, Techniques, Rules, World Record | All You Need To Know | KreedOn
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For throwing a shot put, there are many techniques but with the right one, you can easily throw the ball. 

Gripping and Placement

Holding the shot put 

  • The shot is taken with the foundation of the fingers rather than the palm.
  • For support, the fingers are mildly stretched away, with the thumb in the center.
  • When holding the shot, the arm will be slightly bent in the cocked position.

Neck Position 

  • Elevate the shot above your head.
  • Straight down until the shot is under your jaw.
  • Insert the shot into the back of your neck.
  • Raise your elbow so that it is parallel to the floor. Don’t tuck your elbow behind your back.
  • Make sure your thumb is tilted towards your clavicle.
  • The palm should be following the path of the throw.

Shot put throw

  • Maintain a high elbow at all times. Dropping the elbow causes the shot to be thrown like a baseball, which can lead to injuries.
  • Wrap up the punch with a wrist flip.
  • To assist in the formation of the block, the left side of the body will be stopped and locked.
  • The left-arm will be wedged close to the body’s side.

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Power Shot Position

Body position in the power position

  • The athlete will stand perpendicular to the direction of the throw.
  • The legs will be shoulder-width apart and slightly wider, with the left foot slightly behind the right.
  • The right foot will be perpendicular to the direction of the put.
  • The athlete must be in a physically fit position.
  • Power Position: The thrower will place 80 percent of his or her weight on the right leg.
  • The thrower will twist his or her upper body completely in the opposite direction of the throw.
  • The chest, knee, and toes should all be parallel.
  • The shot is fired into the thrower’s neck.
  • The left-arm will be stretched and out from the body at 90 degrees to the right elbow.

Throwing from the Power Position

  • Alter the use of the legs in the throw, particularly the hips.
  • Legs – hips – back – arm will be the throw’s sequence.
  • In an upward motion, shift your weight from your right leg to your left leg.
  • When driving up with your legs, make sure your right heel (hips) is turned out.
  • A stretch reflex reaction will occur between your upper and lower bodies.
  • The upper body will begin to rotate.
  • Glide your left arm around as your upper body rotates, then carry it firmly to your body.
  • Stop the left part of the body to help accelerate the shot.

Gliding the Shot 

Body Position in the Glide

  • Place yourself at the rear of the ring, away from the shot-put direction.
  • Put the shot up against your neck.
  • Place your body in an athletic position with your back to the sector.
  • Relaxedly stretch your left arm out.
  • Return your left leg to the toe board.
  • The right leg should bear the majority of the body weight.

Ascending into the Power Position

  • For stability, tap your left leg.
  • Gather the left knee up to meet the right knee, keeping the left leg straight.
  • Allow your left leg to not curl behind your right leg.
  • Allow your hips to begin to drop.
  • Stretch your left leg forcibly towards the toe board, but do not lift with your back.
  • Force and then pull your right leg beneath you so that your right heel is the last part of your body to leave the circle.

The Basic Rules of Shot Put

Shot Put – History, Specifications, Techniques, Rules, World Record | All You Need To Know | KreedOn
Image source:- tutorialspoint

Given below are the basic rules for a shot put:

  • When an athlete’s name is called, they have only 60 seconds to begin the throwing motion.
  • The athletes can tape their fingertips for safety but are prohibited from wearing gloves.
  • The shot’s relaxation stance is near the neck, and it should stay there during the motion.
  • The shot should be launched just above the height of the shoulder with a single hand.
  • An athlete may use the inside circle’s perimeter but not the boundary or outside area of the toe deck. It is permissible to extend the limbs outside the circle during the throw.
  • The legitimate sector is located at 34.92 degrees from the throwing area. In that range, the shot should be fired.
  • Athletes should exit the circle from the back.

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Common Fouls

  • Before the throwing motion, an athlete does not halt within the circle.
  • A player lets the shot fall below the shoulder.
  • The shot lands outside the sector’s boundaries or touches the sector line.
  • A contender neglects to leave the circle from the back of an athlete leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
  • The athlete hits the top/end of the stop board, the top of the iron ring, or steps or touches on/off the circle’s line.

Shot Put World Record

The current world record holders are:

Type Athlete Mark Date Place
Men
Outdoor Ryan Crouser 23.56 m (77 ft 3+12 in) 27 May 2023 Los Angeles, USA
Indoor Ryan Crouser 22.82 m (74 ft 10+14 in) 24 January 2021 Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
Women
Outdoor Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (74 ft 2+34 in) 7 June 1987 Moscow, USSR
Indoor Helena Fibingerová 22.50 m (73 ft 9+34 in) 19 February 1977 Jablonec, CZE

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FAQ’s

How heavy is a shotput ball?

A shotput ball comes in different variations, 7.26kg/16lb for men and 4kg/8.8lb for women. The weight of the shot put ball will be depending on the player’s gender and age, ranging from 3km to 7.26kg.

What are the important muscle groups used in shot put?

The key muscle groups used in shot put include the legs (quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes), core (abdominals, lower back), chest, shoulders, and triceps. These muscles are crucial for generating power, stability, and control during the throwing motion.

Who is the best shot put thrower in India?

Tajinderpal Singh Toor is known as the best shot put thrower in India. He holds the outdoor Asian and national record of 21.49m.

Is shot put part of the Olympics?

The men’s shot put has been part of the Olympics since 1896. The women’s event was added to the program at the 1948 Olympics after fifty years.

Who holds world record in Shot Put game?

An American shot putter and discus thrower, Ryan Crouser is a two-time Olympic gold medalist and Olympic record holder. He is the current world record holder in the shot put game, both indoor and outdoor.


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Abhishek Mishra
Abhishek Mishra
Greetings, I'm Abhishek Mishra, a passionate sports writer, and football fanatic. Currently, I'm pursuing Bachelor's in Journalism and Mass Communication from GGSIPU, DELHI. I have a keen interest in sports and I aspire to become a sports journalist. I want to work in the overall development of sports and also work towards the grassroots and athlete recognition of our country.

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