Karate is an unarmed martial arts discipline that uses kicking, hitting, and defensive blocking with the arms and legs (Japanese: “empty hand”). The emphasis is on concentrating as much of the body’s force at the place and time of impact as possible. The hands (especially the knuckles and the outside edge), the ball of the foot, heel, forearm, knee, and elbow are all striking surfaces. Practice strikes on padded surfaces or wood toughen them all. An adept can break pine boards up to several inches thick with his or her bare hands or foot. Timing, strategy, and spirit, on the other hand, are all seen as equally vital as physical toughness. Today we will learn each & everything about this ancient sport – Karate.-- Advertisement --
Blows and kicks are stopped short in sporting karate and sparring (Kumite) in training, preferably within an inch of contact. If neither participant has earned a clear “killing” point in the judges’ opinion, sporting contests usually run around three minutes until a judgment. Individual contestants compete in form (kata) contests in which they perform a series of motions imitating defense and counterattack against many opponents. As in gymnastics, performances are judged by a panel of judges.
Learn the Karate Sport Basics
You should now have a fundamental understanding of karate and how it works. Remember, this is a combat art in which two people compete against each other. They will attempt to gain points by landing kicks and punches, however, various strikes will earn varying scores. At the end of the tournament, the participant with the most points will be declared the champion. As a karate practitioner progresses, he or she advances in the belt ranking system and receives a new color (the best being black). Competitors must respect each other during contests, as karate is regarded as a mental and physical sport that necessitates a positive attitude.-- Advertisement --
A Brief History of Karate Sport
Karate developed through ages in East Asia, eventually becoming systematized in Okinawa in the 17th century, most likely by individuals who were not allowed to carry firearms. In the 1920s, it was brought to Japan. Several schools and systems arose, each with its own set of tactics and training methods. Karate, like other Asian martial arts, emphasizes mental attitude, politeness routines, costumes, and a complicated ranking system (by the color of the belt). There is some technical overlap with different combat systems.
- Taekwondo – a form of self-defense that emerged in Korea.
- Kickboxing – Pradal Serey (Cambodia), Sanda (China), Savate (France), and Sikaran are some of the variants (Philippines)
- Muay Thai – a full-contact combat sport in which participants utilize fists, elbows, knees, and shins to try to defeat their opponents utilizing various tactics.
Karate at the Olympics
Karate is a brand-new Olympic sport that will debut in the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games (along with four other new sports).
Types of Events in Karate
There will be two karate events in Tokyo: Kumite and Kata. Karate, on the other hand, has been excluded from the Olympic sports program for the 2024 Games in Paris.
Karate at Tokyo 2020
Six gold medals will be awarded in the Kumite competition (3 weight categories for boys and girls) and two gold medals will be awarded in the Kata competition (one each for males and females). The Kumite competition will have sixty contestants, while the Kata competition will feature twenty.
There are three weight classes in the Kumite tournament (men: 67 kg, 75 kg, +75 kg, women: 55 kg, 61 kg, +61 kg). Fights can last anywhere from one to three minutes. Kicks, punches, strikes, throws, and sweeps are used to gain points. The fighter who scores eight points more than their opponent or has the most points at the conclusion of the period is declared the winner. In the event of a tie, the participant who earned the first point without being challenged wins.
Karate Kata Competition
Kata participants are assessed on the strength and accuracy of their moves. In a performance routine, competitors take turns showing their kata. A panel of judges assesses the outcome, each assigning a score based on technical and athletic performance. To decide the winner, the two highest and lowest scores are eliminated.
The Road to the Olympics
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) voted in August 2009 on whether two sports should be included to the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio. Karate was a strong candidate, but it fell short when the sports of golf and rugby were chosen. It was ultimately approved onto the schedule for the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, along with four other new sports, after much campaigning.
Karate’s participation was viewed as challenging given the presence of many other combat sports on the Olympic program, including boxing, judo, taekwondo, fencing, and wrestling.
Karate Sports Skills
The straight punch, also known as Choku Zuki in Japanese or more generally known as the jab, is the most basic punch available. Making a fist with the fingers curled into the palm and the thumb tucked in between the first and second knuckles is how to perform this technique. Because the knuckles of the pointer and middle finger are the strongest part of the hand, they should be the hitting point.
Front Lunge Punch
This punch, known in Japanese as Oi-Zuki, begins with the punching leg moving into a front stance or Zenkutsu Dachi. When throwing the punch, use the same arm technique as when throwing a straight punch. However, in order to add force to this punch, you must also press both the front hip and pectoral forward.
The front kick, also known as Mae Geri in Japanese, is one of the most adaptable kicks in Karate, since it may be utilized swiftly and sharply as a snapping front kick, or longer and more forcefully as a thrusting front kick. It may also be done in a fighting posture from the rear or front leg. The four basic steps of any kick are as follows: Perform the kick by raising the kicking leg up with a bent knee and ankle, returning to the chamber, and finally putting the leg down. The flat of the foot should be the focal point.
The front kick, also known as Mae Geri in Japanese, is one of the most versatile kicks in Karate, since it may be used as a snapping front kick or a thrusting front kick, and it can be used quickly and harshly as a snapping front kick. It may also be done from the back or front leg in a combat stance. The following are the four basic steps in any kick: The kick is executed by lifting the kicking leg with a bent knee and ankle, returning to the chamber, and lastly lowering the leg. The focus should be on the flat of the foot.
In karate, there are several stances that might assist you to maximise your offensive and defense. The side stance, also known as Kiba Dachi in Japanese, is one of the three fundamental stances. This stance is achieved by maintaining your feet wide and parallel, keeping your back straight, pointing your knees and feet inwards, and putting the majority of your weight on your lower body.
Also Known as The rear stance, also known as Kokutsu Dachi in Japanese, is one of the three basic stances. Maintain a straight front leg with forward-pointing feet, a slightly bent front knee, a significantly bent back knee, both feet apart by one and a half times your shoulder length, an upward pelvis, a straight back and neck, and 70% of your weight on your back foot, with 30% on your front foot.
The front stance, also known as Zenkutsu Dachi in Japanese, is the last of the three fundamental stances. This stance is achieved by maintaining an extended back, keeping the back leg straight at the knee, keeping the front knee bent, keeping the back knee slightly bent, keeping the back foot turned outwards from 30 degrees to 45 degrees, keeping your feet wider than shoulder length, and placing 60% of your weight on your front foot and 40% on your back foot.
The down block, also known as Gedan Barai in Japanese, is a fundamental Karate block that begins with the blocking arm at the ear and the non-blocking arm about belly-button height. The blocking arm is then slid down the top of the opposite arm. The non-blocking arm is then brought to the hip, and you step out into the front stance.
Karate Mat Dimensions
The Karate sport competition area is 8 m sq. An additional of 2 m on all sides is extended as a safety area. A half-meter-long line must be drawn 2 m from the center of the competition area. It is used for positioning the match Referee.
2 parallel lines, one m each and at right angles to the Referee’s line must be drawn at a distance of 1.5 m from the center of the competition area. This line is used for positioning the competitors.
Kumite competition area
Kata competition area
Top 5 Karate Brands
Karate India: Some Notable Karate players of India
- Supriya Jatav
- Sabari Karthik
- Valena Valentina
- Midhun Jith
- Vivek Teja Cherupalli