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Home Sports Athletics Javelin Throw | All You Need To Know About The Sport

Javelin Throw | All You Need To Know About The Sport

Javelin throw KreedOn
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Neeraj Chopra won India’s first gold medal in the men’s javelin throw event at the Tokyo Olympics 2020, which was also a first in the sport of Track & Field. For Indians, it was a dream come true. August 7th was an evening of joy and honor for all Indians.

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Neeraj has become India’s second individual gold medalist, following Abhinav Bindra, who won a gold in shooting in 2008. This was also India’s seventh medal at the Tokyo Olympics 2020, marking it one of the country’s highest medal hauls. Let us now turn our attention to the sport that earned us a gold medal.


The technique of throwing a javelin far and accurately was extensively practiced in ancient Greece, and it gradually progressed from a common hunting and fighting activity to being included in the Ancient Olympic Games as part of the pentathlon in 708 BC. There were both males and women who took part in it.

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In 1908, the men’s javelin throw was introduced, followed by the women’s javelin throw in 1932. Let us know all the details of the sport – Javelin throw

History of Javelin Throw

Image Source: Wiki

The javelin as a sport originated from the spear’s everyday use in hunting and fighting. It was popular in Ancient Greece and was included in the Olympic Games as part of the pentathlon in 708 BC. Since 1908 for men and 1932 for women, it has been a component of the modern Olympic Games.

The men’s javelin was modified in 1986, with the center of gravity shifted forward four cm. By lowering its nose down earlier and steeper, it was able to reduce throwing distances by around 10%. Following Uwe Hohn of East Germany’s world record of 104.80m set in 1984, the men were in danger of throwing the javelin beyond the area permitted in typical stadiums. The women’s javelin was also modified in 1999.

Jan Zelezny, a Czech athlete, is widely considered as the greatest male javelin thrower in history. From 1992 to 2000, he won a hat-trick of Olympic championships and established the world record of 98.48 meters. Barbora Spotakova, a compatriot, is one of the finest female javelin throwers in history, having won consecutive Olympic championships in 2008 and 2012 and holding the women’s world record with a best of 72.28 meters.

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 How does Javelin Throw work?

A throwing event in which participants attempt to throw a javelin with a metal tip as far as they can. It necessitates a blend of strength, power, coordination, accuracy, and timing.

With his or her little finger closest to the point of the Javelin, the athlete must hold the javelin by its corded grip.

The men’s javelin must weigh at least 800g and measure between 2.6m and 2.7m in length, while the women’s javelin must weigh at least 600g and measure between 2.2m and 2.3m in length.

The athlete must not turn his or her back to the landing area at any point during the approach and throw, toss the javelin over the upper portion of their throwing arm, and not cross the foul line, also known as the scratch line, at any time. In addition, the javelin must land tip first and within the designated 29-degree sector. 

The throw is measured from the point where the tip first hits the ground. Athletes usually throw three to six times during a competition. In the case of a tie, the athlete who puts up the next-best effort will be declared the winner. A qualification session is usually followed by a final at major championships.

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Javelin Throw Rules

  • The weight, size, shape, & center of gravity of the javelin sport are all defined by IAAF rules.
  • The javelin must be held from the grip & thrown overhand i.e over the athlete’s upper arm shoulder.
  • Athletes are prohibited from turning completely around such that their back faces the direction of the Javelin throw.
  • A javelin throw is considered legal only if the tip of the javelin lands within the sector of the javelin throw. Also, the tip of the javelin must strike the ground before any other part of the javelin.
  • The athlete with the longest single legal throw (over all rounds) is the winner.

Javelin Weight

  • Men – 800 g.
  • Women – 600 g

Javelin Length

  • Men – 2.6 and 2.7 m (8 ft 6 in and 8 ft 10 in)
  • Women: 2.2 and 2.3 m

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Javelin Throw Sector

Javelin throw ground

  • The javelin is thrown towards a “sector”, covering an angle of 28.96 degrees extending outwards from the arc at the end of the runway.
  • Javelin throwers have a runway of 30 m (98 ft) in length & 4 m (13 ft) wide. The runway ends in a curved arc. The javelin throw is measured from this arc.

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Javelin Throw Measurement

The distance of the throw is measured from the throwing arc to the point where the tip of the javelin landed.

Javelin Throw World Record List

Type Mark Competitor Country Venue Date
World Records: longest javelin throw 98.48 Jan ŽELEZNÝ CZE Jena (GER) 25 MAY 1996
World Championships in Athletics Records 92.80 Jan ŽELEZNÝ CZE Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton (CAN) 12 AUG 2001
World Leading 2021 96.29 Johannes VETTER GER Stadion Śląski, Chorzów (POL) 29 MAY 2021
Olympic Games Records 90.57 Andreas THORKILDSEN NOR National Stadium, Beijing (CHN) 23 AUG 2008
Area Records – Africa 92.72 Julius YEGO KEN National Stadium, Beijing (CHN) 26 AUG 2015
Area Records – Asia 91.36 Chao-Tsun CHENG TPE Taipei Municipal Stadium, Taipei City (TPE) 26 AUG 2017
Area Records – Europe 98.48 Jan ŽELEZNÝ CZE Jena (GER) 25 MAY 1996
Area Records – NACAC 91.29 Breaux GREER USA Indianapolis, IN (USA) 21 JUN 2007
Area Records – Oceania 89.02 Jarrod BANNISTER AUS Brisbane (AUS) 29 FEB 2008
Area Records – South America 84.70 Edgar BAUMANN PAR San Marcos, TX (USA) 17 OCT 1999

Javelin Throw Junior Records

Type Mark Competitor Country Venue Date
World U20 Records 86.48 Neeraj CHOPRA IND Zdzislaw Krzyszkowiak Stadium, Bydgoszcz (POL) 23 JUL 2016
World U20 Championships Records 86.48 Neeraj CHOPRA IND Zdzislaw Krzyszkowiak Stadium, Bydgoszcz (POL) 23 JUL 2016
World U20 Leading 2021 78.41 Artur FELFNER UKR Kadrioru staadion, Tallinn (EST) 17 JUL 202

Longest Javelin Throw

  • Uwe Hohn: 104.80 m (343 ft 9+34 in) (As per old rules)
  • 98.48Jan ŽELEZNÝCZEJena (GER) 25 MAY 1996 – A s per new rules

About Neeraj Chopra: The Who bought 1st Gold for India in Track & Field

Neeraj Chopra, a 23-year-old Subedar of the Indian Army’s 4 Rajputana Rifles, hails from Haryana. Neeraj began throwing the javelin in 2011 and became the first Indian to win gold at the World Junior Championships in Poland in 2016. In 2018, he also made history by being the first Indian athlete to win gold in both the Commonwealth and Asian Games. For his victory in the Tokyo Olympics 2020, the Haryana government has declared that it would award the athlete Rs 6 crore.

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