HomeSportsGolfThe Basics of Golf | How to Play Golf?
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The Basics of Golf | How to Play Golf?

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Cricket may be the gentleman’s game, but Golf is the actual sport played by the gentlemen and is considered a rich man’s sport. Golf is actually more of a premium sport. Golf is, without a doubt, a high-end sport. Golfing attire, shoes, clubs, and other gear may cost a fortune. Since barely everyone can afford these goods, it is classified as a posh sport. Simultaneously, it might be a simple one to get to. However, it is no longer a game that is solely played by the wealthy. They come from a wide range of backgrounds, including different countries and educational paths. They all have a passion for the game that we can all share, a pleasure we can all enjoy. In this blog, we will take a look at the history of Golf, its rules, Golf club, Golf course, Golf shots and much more.

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History of Golf

History of golf - KreedOn
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Golf evolved from a recreation practiced on Scotland’s eastern shore, near the royal city of Edinburgh. Using a crooked stick or club, participants would attempt to hit a stone over sand dunes and over tracks in the early days. However, the nation’s fondness for golf prompted many to abandon their military training, to the point where King James II‘s Scottish parliament prohibited the activity in 1457. But soon Golf gained its popularity after King James IV of Scotland (1473 -1513) was intrigued by the game who became the world’s first golfing monarch. In 1744, the Gentlemen Golfers of Leith founded the first club and set up an annual competition with silverware prizes, thereby establishing golf as a sport. Duncan Forbes created the regulations for this new competition.

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In 1764, the first-ever 18-hole course was built at St Andrew’s, introducing the game’s now-accepted standard. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews was established as the world’s premier golf club when King William IV bestowed the title ‘Royal and Ancient’ on the club in 1834. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews became the world’s premier golf club as a result of this recognition and its excellent course.

Golf Rules 

There are a number of rules in Golf but we have selected some of the basic and the most obvious rules;

  • The ball must be teed up behind the line drawn by the tee markings.
  • It does not qualify as a shot if the ball falls off the tee before you swing at it.
  • It counts as a one-shot if you swing at the ball and absolutely miss it.
  • You must play the ball as it lies while playing a hole.
  • The player who is furthest away from the hole is intended to play first.
  • You can’t improve the lie, so don’t press your club down too hard behind the ball to try to level the field, and don’t force your foot down behind the ball to make it easier to smash the ball!
  • You can’t aim by putting something in front of your ball or having someone stand in front of you.
  • Making contact with the ball
  • You only have one chance to hit the ball. Scooping is prohibited.
  • Should any part of the ball touches the green, you’re on the green and can wash it by placing a marker behind it and picking it up.
  • With your palm or club, don’t scratch or rub the green’s surface.
  • The biggest blunder is moving the ball an inch or so closer to the hole.
  • Giving and receiving advice
  • You can only seek advice from your caddy on how to play the hole. This implies you won’t be able to ask another player any questions.
  • There is no penalty if you move the ball while looking for it. You have three minutes to locate the ball; otherwise, you must drop or re-hit the shot with a penalty stroke. 

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  • You can hit a ball from the same place and label it “provisional” if you hit a shot and think your ball might be lost in some bushes or other difficulty area, or if you suspect it might be out of bounds.
  • If you notice your ball and believe you won’t be able to play it because it’s lodged in a tree or beneath a shrub, you can declare it unplayable, take a penalty shot, and:
  • Place a ball on the line that connects the hole and the location where your ball was laying. On that line, you can go as far back as you wish.
  • Make a shot from the very same spot as your previous shot.
  • Measure two club-lengths from the ball’s current location and put it there.

Golf Terminologies and types of Golf Shots


PAR: The number of strokes a golfer is estimated to take to finish one hole on a golf course is referred to as the par. A golf course’s holes are divided into three categories: par-3, par-4, and par-5 (par-6 holes also exist, but they are rare).

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BIRDIE: A hole with a score of one-under-par.

EAGLE: A two-under-par score.

ALBATROSS OR DOUBLE EAGLE: A score of three points below par (very rare).

BOGEY: A score that is one point above par.

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  • A score of two-over-par is referred to as a DOUBLE BOGEY.
  • A score of three over par is referred to as a TRIPLE BOGEY.

ACE: A hole-in-one is referred to as an ACE. In one stroke, hitting the ball into the hole.

HANDICAP: A system for calculating a player’s average number of shots above par in a single round of golf.


FORE: A caution screamed when the ball approaches a person.

PUTT: A putt is a shot made with a putter on the green.

DRIVE: A golfer’s initial stroke from the tee box on each hole is referred to as a “drive.”

APPROACH: A player’s approach shot from the fairway to the green.

BANK SHOT: A shot in which the ball’s direction or speed is controlled by a steep slope.

OVER CLUBBING: Hitting the ball farther than necessary with a club.

When two or more golfers are playing, AWAY refers to the ball that is furthest from the cup. The player who is furthest away usually takes the initial swing.

BEST BALL: A tournament format in which the team score for each hole is determined by the “best score” of at least one of the foursome members.

THE TURN: In golf, the halfway point is called the turn.

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EXPLOSION SHOT: A golfer’s technique for hitting the ball out of a sand trap.

DUFF: That was a poor shot.

MULLIGAN: A “do-over” shot taken to replace a poorly hit shot without calculating the stroke toward the score in casual play only.

HACKER: A slang term for someone who isn’t particularly skilled at golf.

The Course

FAIRWAY: A long stretch of well-kept grass that runs between the green and the tee box is known as the FAIRWAY.

ROUGH: The higher grass at the fairway’s edge.

GREEN: A smooth grassy area at the end of a fairway that has been particularly prepared for putting and hole setting.

HAZARD: Anything on a golf course that is intended to make one’s score worse.

BUNKER: A concave area with sand or other debris that is considered a hazard. A sand bunker is referred to as a “beach.”

CASUAL WATER: Water that has accumulated on the golf course but is not a hazard. After severe rains, you’ll usually come upon some stray water. The player is free to move the ball without incurring any penalties.

Golf Equipment 


The ball is the most important piece of equipment in this game. It is composed of beech wood, which is a type of hardwood. The golf ball must have a minimum diameter of 42.67 meters and a maximum weight of 45.93 grams.

Clubs for golf

Woods, irons, and putters are examples of clubs. Only 14 clubs can be carried by a single player. Nowadays, a new type of club known as a hybrid club is employed, which combines wood and iron.

Markers for Balls

It may be necessary to modify the position of the ball in certain conditions. We utilize ball markers at this point. This is usually a spherical metal or plastic item.

Bag for golf

The clubs are transported in this bag, which is made of nylon or leather. Each club is divided into parts on the inside. They come in a variety of styles, including Sunday bags, cart bags, and staff bags.

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Cart for Golf

This is the vehicle that transports the players from one part of the course to the next. These are battery or electric vehicles, as opposed to gasoline vehicles. Some regulatory organizations have imposed usage restrictions on these vehicles.


The players use towels to wipe their hands and balls. With the use of a grommet, they are linked to the bag.

Club Heads

Club heads are made of wood or leather and are used to cover the heads of the clubs so that they do not collide when being used together and are protected from any inadvertent harm.


The majority of golfers wore gloves while playing. This aids in maintaining a firm grip on the club and prevents blisters. Gloves are usually worn on the dominant hand by players.

Golf in India

Golf in India: KreedOn

Golf has a long history in India, dating back to the nineteenth century. India was the first country to adopt golf as a sport outside of the United Kingdom. The Royal Calcutta Golf Club was India’s first golf club, founded in 1829. (RCGC). It was the world’s oldest golf club outside of the United Kingdom, and it oversaw the game’s administration in India. The Bangalore Golf Club was the first outside of the United Kingdom (1820). Golf has a long history in India, dating back to the nineteenth century. India was the first country to adopt golf as a sport outside of the United Kingdom. The Royal Calcutta Golf Club was India’s first golf club, founded in 1829 (RCGC). It was the world’s oldest golf club outside of the United Kingdom, and it oversaw the game’s administration in India. 

Famous Golf Players

From Old Tom Morris, Harry Vardon, and Phil Mickelson to the most notable names like Rory McIlroy and Keegan Bradley, there have been a plethora of phenomenal golfers throughout history. Here are some of the best Golfers of all time  Player  Titles 
1. Jack Nicklaus 18 
2. Tiger Woods  15
3. Ben Hogan 9
4. Walter Hagen  11
5. Bobby Jones 7
6. Sam Snead 7
7. Arnold Palmer  7
8. Byron Nelson  11
9. Tom Watson  8
10. Gary Player 9

Famous Golf Players in India

In India, Anirban Lahiri, Jyoti Randhawa, Aditi Ashok, Jeev Milkha Singh, and Sharmila Nicollet are some of the most famous golfers in India. 

Indeed, Golf is a very lavish sport with many technicalities, but that’s what makes it different from other sports. There’s no doubt about its popularity, which is gradually increasing in India too. 

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What are the 9 basic golf shots?

The 9 basic Golf shots include a High Draw, Mid Draw, Trap Draw, High Straight, Normal, Punch, High Fade, Mid Fade, and Low Fade.

What is the golden rule of golf?

There are several golden rules in Golf. Some are:
1. Don’t move, bend, or break anything growing or fixed, except in fairly taking your stance or swing.
2. Don’t press anything down.
3. You may lift natural objects not fixed or growing, except in a water hazard or bunker.

What is another word for golf course?

Golf courses can also be called Golf clubs.

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Abhishek Mishra
Abhishek Mishra
Greetings, I'm Abhishek Mishra, a passionate sports writer, and football fanatic. Currently, I'm pursuing Bachelor's in Journalism and Mass Communication from GGSIPU, DELHI. I have a keen interest in sports and I aspire to become a sports journalist. I want to work in the overall development of sports and also work towards the grassroots and athlete recognition of our country.


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