HomeSportsArtistic Swimming: Insights into the Graceful World of Synchronized Swimming
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Artistic Swimming: Insights into the Graceful World of Synchronized Swimming

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Artistic swimming is the ultimate form of swimming, also called “synchronized swimming.” This is a sport that is becoming popular around the world because of the artistic factors like dancing that play a major part in this mind-boggling swimming sport. It is basically a test of the physical strength and synchronization of the participants. Here we delved into the mesmerizing sport to understand it from scratch.

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Here is the amazing guide for all of you about “Artistic Swimming.

What is Artistic Swimming?

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Artistic swimming is also known as “synchronized swimming.” The sport is quite demanding and delightful to watch. It is basically a combination of dance, swimming, and acrobatics. In this game, swimmers perform a synchronized choreographed routine, accompanied by music. Judges evaluate the technical skills and other aspects like creativity and synchronization, making it a game that asks for artistic expression and physicality. 

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Moreover, it requires incredible strength, grace, flexibility, artistry, and underwater endurance.

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The Historical Evolution of Artistic Swimming

Synchronized Swimming | KreedOn
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Before the 20th century, it was popular as water ballet, and the first competition for the sport occurred in Germany (Berline) in 1891. An Australian woman named Annette Marie Sarah Kellermann assisted the popularity of this sport when she performed this sport in a glass tank as an underwater ballerina in New York City. The first water ballet club was formed at the University of Chicago. 

The first competition for the sport was held in 1924. Inaugural national team championship for synchronized swimming was held in Chicago at Riis Pool on August 11, 1946. In 2017, it was approved as artistic swimming by the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA). 

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In 2022, competition was introduced for men-only individual events for the very first time, including the 2022 World Junior Artistic Swimming Championship and the 2022 European Aquatics Championship.

Introduction to the Olympics

Synchronized swimming, 1984 Olympics | KreedOn
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Artistic swimming was introduced at the 1984 Olympics during the Olympic Games in America (Los Angeles). In which there were both single and duet events. In 1996, in Atlanta, the duet and solo events were replaced by eight-person water ballet. Since the 2000 Olympics, which were held in Sydney, Australia, both team and duet events were included.

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Rules of the game 

  • Swimmers are not allowed to touch the bottom of the pool while holding another swimmer.
  • Swimmers who fail to perform are scored zero
  • The swimmers must perform their routines without stopping.
  • Swimmers must perform the routines within the time limits.
  • Swimmers are not allowed to touch the deck when he is inside the pool otherwise a penalty is given.
  • Swimmers are allowed to take deck movement for only 10 minutes. The deck work timing ends up when the last participants enter in the pool.
  • Performance is judged regarding perfection in design and control over moves.
  • Penalties are given to swimmers if they don’t follow the instructions or break any rule of the event

Technical Elements

Technical Elements | KreedOn
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Synchronized Swimming routines are performed in teams, duets, and individually as well, with players performing a series of pre-decided moves set to music. Athletes display their flexibility, endurance, and strength underwater while maintaining coordination with other players on the team. Judges sum up routines on the basis of technical merit, overall presentation, and artistic impression.

Why Should You Choose Artistic Swimming?

Swimming | KreedOn
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If you are someone who enjoys dancing when you get some music and you love swimming and being in water for a long time, then you are the perfect fit for this sport. It is a sport that uses your full body and develops several capacities at the same time: breathing control, strength, cardio, and flexibility. It is all done in water, so it is less prone to injuries than other outdoor games.

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Artistic swimming also tests your mental capacities: memorizing the choreography and the figures, spatial awareness, and moving to the music. It teaches us to work in teams. It’s a sport that teaches us to work in teams, develops team spirit, and increases concentration and self-discipline.

How Artistic Swimming is Performed

It is performed underwater by a team of participants with the same outfit for the swimming. They enter the water with their opening move displayed outside the water. Inside the water, the participants perform gymnastic and dance moves with great coordination. They repeat the same with different moves inside the water while swimming. The participants balance themselves in the water in such a way that they can perform their dance moves and gymnastic moves very clearly.

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Some Basic Skills


These are the most important parts when it comes to artistic swimming. Alligator scull, torpedo scull, split scull, barrel scull, spinning scull, totem scull, canoe scull, paddle scull, support scull, stationary scull, and propeller scull are the most commonly used in the sport. The support scull mostly works to support the whole body while doing upside-down.

A support scull can be done when you hold your upper arms against the sides of the body and your forearms at 90-degree angles to the body, with your hands facing the lower side of the pool. The forearms are moved back and forth when you are maintaining the right angle. The pressure against the hands allows the swimmer to keep the legs above water for a long time.


It is a kind of kick that plays a huge role in synchronized swimming. It is a form of treading water that allows you to maintain stability and height above the water while leaving your hands free to do arm motions. This skill is used in all arm sections, which is a piece of choreography in which the participant is upright with both arms in the air. 

Another variation of this skill is a body boost, which is done through an eggbeater buildup and a strong whip kick, propelling the artistic swimmer out of the water. A body boost helps a swimmer get out of the water to their hip level.

Preparation and Training

Preparation and Training | KreedOn
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Artistic swimmers adopt rigorous training methods in order to master the technical and physical spaces of the game. It has strength and flexibility exercises for the training, and the players also practice different techniques to control their breath underwater. Certified coaches are required to understand every training-related aspect of the sport because coaches play a key role in guiding the athletes through the intricacies of choreography and providing them with the required stamina for performance.


Synchronized swimming stands as a testament to the harmonious fusion of artistry and athleticism. Its evolution from water ballet performances to a recognized competitive sport shows the dedication and love of gamers and coaches who shaped the game’s journey till now. Dig into the world of artistic swimming, where coordination meets creativity in a symphony of movement and grace.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How is artistic swimming scored?

In artistic swimming, a group of judges assesses the performance and assigns scores based on both technical and artistic criteria. The technical score takes into account the complexity, precision, and synchronization of elements like lifts, spins, and patterns. On the other hand, the artistic score evaluates the overall impression, choreography, interpretation, and presentation style of the routine. The final score is determined by adding together the technical and artistic scores.

What are the events in artistic swimming?

Artistic swimming comprises four distinct events: solo, duet, team, and highlight. In the solo event, a single athlete performs, while in the duet event, two athletes perform together. The team event involves a group of four to eight athletes, whereas the highlight event showcases a larger group of ten athletes. Each event consists of two types of routines: a technical routine and a free routine, except for the highlight event, which solely features a free routine. The technical routine encompasses a predetermined set of elements that must be included, while the free routine allows for greater artistic creativity and expression.

What are the rules for artistic swimming?

Artistic swimming abides by several fundamental regulations, including the following: The routine duration must adhere to specific time constraints, which vary based on the event and routine type. Athletes are required to don swimsuits and caps that align with the routine’s theme and music. Throughout the routine, athletes must refrain from making contact with the pool’s bottom or sides. Additionally, the use of any props or equipment, except for the nose clip and music device, is strictly prohibited.

What was Artistic Swimming previously known as?

Artistic swimming was previously known as synchronized swimming.

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